A scientific survey of archaic Greek society and tradition which introduces the reader to a variety of new methods to the period.

• the 1st accomplished and available survey of advancements within the research of archaic GreecePlaces Greek society of c.750-480 BCE in its chronological and geographical context
• offers equivalent emphasis to demonstrated subject matters similar to tyranny and political reform and more recent topics like gender and ethnicity
• Combines bills of ancient advancements with nearby surveys of archaeological proof and in-depth remedies of chosen themes
• Explores the influence of jap and different non-Greek cultures within the improvement of Greece
• makes use of archaeological and literary proof to reconstruct huge styles of social and cultural improvement

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Additional info for A Companion to Archaic Greece (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, Volume 196)

Sample text

In sharp contrast, a fifth view takes Greek spirituality seriously and sees its two main manifestations as being, first, the central role which oracles came to play in Greek public and private life in the archaic period, and, second, the evidently strong appeal which mystery cults and ceremonies of initiation had for Greeks of all classes and both genders. A sixth, complementary view sees the gods of the Greek polytheistic system above all as encapsulations of the powers – psychological as well as external – which affected human life and which therefore had to be neutralized or harnessed as effectively as possible.

4 “Archaeology” in the sense of “ancient history” is much older, the first citation being of 1607, but the semantic shift towards its present-day meaning was also an early nineteenth-century affair (the two relevant pages of the OED are most instructive for intellectual history). But in fact Greece, like all Mediterranean countries, has a long and intricate human “pre-history,” which stretches back at least to ca. 40,000 bc and includes major sites of the Neolithic period as well as the Mycenaean age (1600–1100) with its wealth, its palaces, and its Linear B writing in Greek.

From the late nineteenth century onwards the influx of material from graves and the “big digs” (see below) helped to round out catalogues and to allow robust classifications to be established. qxd 25/02/2009 02:26PM Page 13 The Historiography of Archaic Greece 13 relative chronologies for the major fabrics, while the appearance of pottery of a given stage in such sequences at sites which were destroyed or founded at known dates48 has (after much debate) allowed the establishment of absolute chronologies which are nowadays accepted for the major fabrics as accurate to within 10–15 years.

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