By Michæl Meeker

This cutting edge examine of contemporary Turkey is the results of decades of ethnographic fieldwork and archival learn. Michael Meeker expertly combines anthropological and ancient tips on how to research the transition from the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic in a massive zone of the rustic, the jap Black coastline. His most vital discovering is state-oriented provincial oligarchy performed a key position in successive courses of reform over the process greater than 2 hundred years of imperial and nationwide historical past. As Meeker demonstrates, major members subsidized by means of interpersonal networks decided the result of the modernizing technique, first throughout the westernizing interval of the Empire, then throughout the innovative interval of the Republic.To know the way this type of state-oriented provincial oligarchy was once produced and reproduced alongside the japanese Black coastline, Meeker integrates a latest ethnographic examine of public existence in cities and villages with a ancient learn of legit files, consular reviews, and shuttle narratives. A state of Empire presents anthropologists, historians, and scholars of jap Europe and the center East with a brand new figuring out of the complexities and contradictions of contemporary Turkish event.

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13 In effect, the formation of public institutions and organizations in these “republican” towns was working through the rivalries of leading individuals 13. In 1986, one of the villages of the Muradog˘lu just to the west of Eskipazar was incorporated as a municipality, rather than Eskipazar itself, by then a town center. See chap. 12 for the significance of this move. Clan-Society and Nation-State / 13 from the Muradog˘lu and Selimog˘lu. These were towns where popular participation in public life was not so much under the regulation of the state system as under the regulation of a social system internal to the district of Of.

The classical statements of these anthropological theories are to be found in Evans-Pritchard (1940, 1949) and in Evans-Pritchard and Fortes (1940). 26. I use the phrase “post-classical period” to refer roughly to the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Later, in chap. 4, I will also use the phrase “period of decentralization,” following Hourani (1974, 71) and I˙nalcık (1977). Clan-Society and Nation-State / 17 cided to focus my research on the two clans that seemed to be the key to the local political system.

Most of these people are settled in three villages at the foot of the eastern valley-system. These villages are set in the midst of the more prosperous agricultural region in the district, especially so after the introduction of tea cultivation. The leading individuals of this group dominate the nearby market town of Eskipazar, where they are estimated to constitute 80% of the population. The Selimog˘lu are reported to consist of about 350 households and 2,000 individuals in two different areas.

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