By Thomas Sowell

This booklet strikes the dialogue of affirmative motion past the USA to different nations that experience had related guidelines, usually for an extended time than americans have. It additionally strikes the dialogue past the theories, ideas, and legislation which have been so frequently debated to the particular empirical effects of affirmative motion within the usa and in India, Nigeria, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and different international locations. either universal styles and nationwide modifications are tested. a lot of what emerges from a authentic exam of those regulations flatly contradicts a lot of what used to be anticipated and masses of what has been claimed.

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Additional info for Affirmative Action Around the World

Sample text

D. ∞Ω The caste system also followed Indians to other countries, somewhat attenuated in more distant countries and in more robust form in countries closer to India. In nearby Ceylon, for example, untouchables were not allowed to be seated in buses in the 1930s: . . there was the refusal to concede to harijans the right to a seat in buses. Eventually it required government intervention to enforce this right, but attempts to enforce it led to outbreaks of violence in 1930–31, and to a strike of bus drivers and conductors.

Nor are most of the truly rich likely to be seriously inconvenienced by lessened access to civil service jobs, especially since they can be appointed to much higher positions if they wish. Moreover, the ability of the rich to provide their children with the finest primary and secondary education virtually ensures that their offspring will be able to score high enough on university entrance examinations that they are not likely to be the ones sacrificed to provide places to members of preferred groups.

Nevertheless, minor transfers of benefits led to major resentments, including resentments erupting repeatedly into lethal violence. Nowhere has this resentment led to more violence than in India’s neighboring nation of Sri Lanka, which has been racked by decades of civil war, in which the non-preferred group—the Tamils—have sought to secede and become an independent nation. This tragic story will be left for Chapter 4. Here it is sufficient to mention it among other examples of in- an international perspective ∞Ω tergroup polarization brought on by affirmative action.

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