By Christine Isom-Verhaaren

In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to town of great. The operation, less than the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here based on a request from François I of France for the aid of Sultan Süleyman the fabulous in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused excessive condemnation on non secular grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from permitted international relations. stories of the Crusades have been, finally, nonetheless greatly alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel locations the occasions of 1543 and the next wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the facility politics of the 16th century. hoping on modern Ottoman and French assets, it provides the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early glossy period. the result's crucial analyzing for college kids and students of eu heritage, Ottoman reports, and of kin among the Christian and Islamic worlds.

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Extra info for Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)

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After two years of considering this ‘great design’ Henri chose to attack the traditional French enemy, the Habsburgs, instead. When his son, Louis XIII, together with his chief minister Cardinal Richelieu, opposed the Habsburgs during the Thirty Years’ War, writers were encouraged to support the renewed Ottoman-French alliance. During the long reign of Louis XIV, foreign relations with the Ottomans varied depending upon which territories the king wanted to conquer. 55 Louis XIV never attempted this conquest, but views of the alliance were subject to the current ambitions of the French monarch whether he hoped to win Habsburg or Ottoman territories.

The Spanish, perpetual enemies of this state [France] ... complain ... that this alliance is contrary to the law of God. The French reply ... 51 By the eighteenth century French culture had created a taste for ‘philosophical history’ which disdained antiquarian research erecting a barrier separating the érudits from the philosophes, whose works were praised and admired. The Comte de St. Priest, French ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1768–1785, wrote a history of French diplomacy with the empire from the time of François I to Louis XVI.

Hostilities began again in Italy with the war of Parma between Pope Julius III, supported by Charles V, and Ottavio Farnese, grandson of Pope Paul III, supported by Henri II. Pope Julius III informed Charles that, ‘We fear these new preparations which the Turk is said to be making by sea and the alliance which he has with the French, ... ’42 In the summer of 1551 the Ottoman fleet attacked Sicily and Malta, and in August it captured Tripoli while the French ambassador, d’Aramon, was there. The French presence at Tripoli at the time of the Ottoman conquest was used as anti-French propaganda by Julius III and Charles V, although d’Aramon had gone to Tripoli at the knights’ request and rescued some of the knights who were taken prisoner.

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