By Marie-louise B. Nosch
An figuring out of textiles and the function they performed some time past is necessary for a person drawn to prior societies. Textiles served and actually nonetheless do as either practical and symbolic goods. The proof for historical textiles in Europe is divided particularly certainly alongside a north-south divide, with an abundance of exact examples within the north, yet beneficial little within the south, the place oblique proof comes from things like vase portray and frescoes. This quantity brings jointly those faculties to appear in additional aspect at textiles within the historical international, and relies on a convention held in Denmark and Sweden in March 2003. part one, construction and employer takes a chronological glance through greater than 4 thousand years of background; from Syria within the mid-third millennium BC, to 17th Century Germany. part , Crafts and know-how specializes in the connection among the first manufacturer (the craftsman) and the secondary receiver (the archaeologist/conservator). The 3rd part, Society, examines the symbolic nature of textiles, and their position inside of historical societal teams. during the booklet emphasis is put on the universality of textiles, and the significance of knowledge alternate among students from diverse disciplines.
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Extra info for Ancient Textiles: Production, Crafts, and Society
Becker, E. Kivikoski, O. Voss and E. Dyggve, all reflecting this attitude. 10 Sherratt 1981; 1983. 11 Sherratt 1997, 203–205. ) 2002. See also Polanyi 1958 [1998, 53] for views on how the unspecifiable art of scientific research is transmitted. 13 Dark 1995; Johnson 1999; see also Olsen 1997, 59ff. 14 Shanks & Tilley 1987, 243ff; Olsen 1997; Johnson 1999. Much of this thinking is inspired by Paul Feyerabend’s anarchistic view of scientific method, Feyerabend 1978. 15 Munksgaard 1974, 116; Wild 1968, 181, 183, 277; Bender Jørgensen 1986, 154/351; Harlow 2004.
Many pioneers of textile archaeology were craftspeople rather than archaeologists, invited in to tackle aspects that excavators felt themselves unable to deal with. 5 This has had many advantages, but also disadvantages. For someone who knows how to spin on a hand-spindle, or weave on a warp-weighted loom, certain aspects of these crafts are so obvious that they are taken for granted. When that knowledge dies out, and replication is attempted, those aspects are far from self-evident. The present generation frequently comes across such features when doing experimental archaeology.
Through this monograph, we hope to have influenced the direction of future textile research by combining the specific methods and traditions of all disciplines involving textiles. Carole Gillis & Marie-Louise B. Nosch, editors Copenhagen and Lund, December 2005 Note 1 E. -L. Nosch, “With a Little Help from my Friends : Investigation Mycenaean Textiles with the help from Scandinavian Experimental Archaeology”, in METRON. Measuring the Aegean Bronze Age. Proceedings of the 9th International Aegean Conference / 9e Rencontre égéenne internationale, Yale University, 18–21 April 2002, edited by Karen Polinger Foster and Robert Laffineur, Aegaeum 24 (2003), 197–205 and table XLV.