By Jon B. Orbaek, Jon B. Orbaek;Roland Kallenborn;Ingunn Tombre;Else N. Hegseth;Stig Falk-Petersen;Alf H. Hoel
The eu Arctic and Alpine areas are experiencing huge environmental alterations. elevated temperatures and precipitation, relief in sea ice and glacier ice, the elevated point of UV-radiation and the long-range transported contaminants are demanding new tension elements for either terrestrial and aquatic organisms. the massive annual version within the actual parameters of those severe environments is additionally a key consider structuring the biodiversity and biotic productiveness, and the impact of the strain elements should be severe for the inhabitants constructions and the interplay among species. those adjustments can also have socio-economic results if the adjustments have an effect on the bioproduction, which shape the root for the marine and terrestrial meals chains. This ebook offers an built-in evaluate of the modern environmental alterations in Arctic, Alpine areas; weather swap and environment reaction, lengthy variety delivery of pollution and Ecotoxicology, UV-radiation and organic results, Socio-economic results of Environmental Change.
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Publication Date: 2008-04-08
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Extra resources for Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment (2007)(en)(434s)
In: Hessen DO (ed) UV radiation and Arctic Ecosystems, Ecological Series 153, Springer-Verlag, pp 57-72. Pavlov VK and Pavlov PV (1999) Features of seasonal and interannual variability of sea level and water circulation in the Laptev Sea. In: Land-Ocean systems in the Siberian Arctic. Dynamics and history. , SpringerVerlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 3-16 18 Ørbæk, Kallenborn, Tombre, Hegseth, Falk-Petersen and Hoel Rex M, Harris NRP, von der Gathen P, Lehmann R, Braathen GO, Reimer E, Beck A, Chipperfield MP, Alfier R, Allaart M, o´Connor F, Dier H, Dorokhov V, Fast H, Gil M, Kyrö E, Litynska Z, Mikkelsen IS, Molyneux MG, Nakane H, Notholt J, Rummukainen M, Viatte P, Wenger J (1997) Prolonged stratospheric ozone loss in the 1995-96 Arctic winter.
They claim that the seasonal dynamics of plankton and benthos is likely to change, leading to composi- 6 Ørbæk, Kallenborn, Tombre, Hegseth, Falk-Petersen and Hoel tional and structural changes in plankton and benthos as well as the population and community structure of fish. As for ice and aquatic environments, regional climate change impacts on snow melt and its distribution also significantly affects the length of the growing season. Høgda et al. (Chap. 5) have used the NOAA AVHRR GIMMS NDVI satellite dataset for the last two decades, producing maps for Fennoscandia that define the start and end of the growing season.
It is anticipated that marine mammals such as walrus, seals and whales are likely to undergo shifts in range and abundance, while the migration routes of caribou will be disrupted (Nuttall et al. 2005). Such changes could impact upon the hunting, trapping and fishing economies of many small, remote Arctic settlements. Although warming may increase biological production in some wildlife species, the distribution of many species crucial to the livelihoods and well-being of indigenous peoples could change.