By Jacob M. Landau
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Extra resources for Atatürk and the modernization of Turkey
Pp. 341 ff. 47. This thesis was developed by Tekin Alp in "Harbden Sulha intikal iktisadiyatl-Devlet iktisadiyatl" (From War to Peace: the State Economy), in the journal jktisadiyat Mecmuasl, 62, 64 (1917), pp. 1-3. 48. Ziya Gokalp, Turkish Nationalism and Western Civilization, trans. and ed. by Niyazi Berkes (New York: Columbia University Press, 1959), pp. 310-311. 4 Atatiirk's Quest for Modernism Osman Okyar We must view Atatiirk's quest for modernism in a historical persective, approaching the subject not from an abstract theoretical angle, but from the standpoint of a member of the Ottoman army officer corps at the beginning of the twentieth century.
Mass meetings, in which Mustafa Kemal himself took an active part, were aimed at attracting support for the CUP from non-members. Although Mustafa Kemal's success in establishing modern politics in Libya was limited by the region'S traditionalist character and by fears of reprisals should the government change hands once more, he did succeed in laying out the basic pattern of Kemalist political activity of later years. Military Policy Army and security affairs occupied much of Mustafa Kemal's time, even during his first visit in 1908.
Nothing of what has happened in Turkey from 1922 to 25 28 Paul Dumont empires had not survived the conflict, and various republics were created on their ruins. As early as 1918, the first Muslim republic, that of Azerbaijan, was born of the dismemberment of the Transcaucasian Federation, established only a few months before. Other Muslim peoples of the former czarist empire soon endowed themselves with republics too, and the republican idea spread to Syria and North Africa. The push haq been given, and Turkish nationalists fell in step with a movement on the march.