By Bjorn M. Felder, Paul J. Weindling

The heritage of eugenics within the Baltic States is basically unknown. The e-book compares for the 1st time the eugenic initiatives of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and the comparable disciplines of racial anthropology and psychiatry, and situates them in the wider ecu context. powerful ethno-nationalism outlined the state as a organic crew, which was once fostered via authoritarian regimes tested in Lithuania in 1926, and in Estonia and Latvia in 1934. The eugenics tasks have been designed to set up a state in organic phrases. Their goals have been to render the state ethnically, genetically and racially homogeneous. the most schedule used to be a non-democratic nation that outlined its inhabitants in organic phrases. Eugenic rules have been to regenerate the country and to reconstruct it as a "pure" and "original" race, Such schemes for nationwide regeneration contained robust parts of secular faith.

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Extra resources for Baltic Eugenics : Bio-Politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940

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1999), “Introduction to the history of Estonian eugenics” Annual Report 1998, Tartu University History Museum, no. 3, 31-42. Kalling, K. (2007a), “The Self-Perception of a Small Nation: The Reception of Eugenics in Interwar Estonia” in: Weindling, P. and Turda, M. ) Blood and Homeland: Eugenics and Racial Nationalism in Central and South-East Europe 1900-1940. Budapest:Central European University Press, 253-262. Kalling, K. (2007b), “Estonian Psychiatric Hospitals during the German Occupation (1941-1944)” International Journal of Mental Health, vol.

3, 161-168. Kraulis, V. (1939), “Über die Behandlung der Schizophrenie mit protrahiertem Insulinchock” Zeitschrift für die gesamte Neurologie und Psychiatrie, vol. 164, 36-49. Krementsov, N. (2011), “From “Beastly Philosophy” to Medical Genetics: Eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union” Annals of Science, vol. 68, no. 1, 61-92. Levin, D. (1995), The Lesser of Two Evils. Eastern European Jewry under Soviet rule, 1939 - 1941. Jerusalem, Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society. Lindberga, R. (2003), “Medicīnas Doktors, Professors Gastons, Viktors Bakmanis - Leģendāra personība Eiropas un Latvijas zinātnē [Medical Doktor, Professor Gaston Viktor Backman - Legendary Person of European and Latvian Science]” The Professor Gaston Victor Backmann scientific conference.

Introduction 25 Felder, B. (2013b), “Nationalsozialistische Krankenmorde in den Baltischen Staaten und die baltische Eugenik der Zwischenkriegszeit 1918-1945” in: Friedmann, A. and Hudemann, R. ), Krankenmorde in Weißrussland, (forthcoming). Felder, B. (2013c), “In Pursuit of Biological Purity. Eugenics and Racial Paradigms in Nazi-Occupied Latvia, 1941-45” in: Weiss-Wendt, A. and Yeomas, R. ), Racial Science in Hitler's new Europe, 1938-1945 (forthcoming). Germanavičius, A. (2012), “Lietuvos akademinės psichiatrijos raida 19181940 metais [Development of academic psychiatry in Lithuania during 19181940]” Nervų ir Psichikos Ligos, vol.

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