By Carlo Carraro, Giovanni Favero, John Francis Phillimore

This is the 1st English translation of Benedetto Cotrugli's The publication of the paintings of Trade, a full of life account of the lifetime of a Mediterranean service provider within the Early Renaissance, written in 1458. The e-book is an impassioned security of the legitimacy of mercantile practices, and comprises the 1st scholarly point out of double-entry bookkeeping. Its 4 components concentration respectively on buying and selling concepts, from accounting to coverage, the faith of the service provider, his public lifestyles, and kin concerns.

Originally handwritten, the publication used to be revealed in 1573 in Venice in an abridged and revised model. This new translation makes connection with the recent severe version, in line with an previous manuscript that has just recently been discovered.

With scholarly essays putting Cotrugli's paintings into ancient context and highlighting key topics, this quantity is a vital contribution to our figuring out of the origins of administration and exchange practices.

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Additional resources for Benedetto Cotrugli – The Book of the Art of Trade : With Scholarly Essays from Niall Ferguson, Giovanni Favero, Mario Infelise, Tiziano Zanato and Vera Ribaudo

Sample text

And if the external appearance reveals the interior and is derived (f. 10’) from the father’s seed which has imprinted the family resemblance, there is no reason to doubt that the intrinsic virtues of the son will be similar to those of the father. And leaving aside any number of demonstrations of this fact, I will limit myself to saying that I have certainly myself verified it, recognising in myself my father’s imprint; in fact he has left his particular stamp on me to such a degree as to cause general amazement, and not only with regard to practical matters but also in our common manner of dealing with providence.

And the same thing happened with clothes, which to begin with were created rough and ready, because their only function was to cover and protect the human body from excessive heat and cold, and likewise from rain and snow and ice and other phenomena harmful to human nature. And after their initial invention, which answered to man’s basic needs, men turned to making ornate and beautiful what had first been rough and ready and without ornament, and have continued to adorn them with ever greater embellishments down to our own day, when they amaze all that cast eyes on them.

Thus, secondly, look carefully at the person to whom you are selling your goods, who should be a man with good credit and reputation, a good payer. You should try to find out about him and know him intimately. And in the case of those of whom you have no direct acquaintance, you should pay attention to many elements: first, you should look to the physiognomy, beginning with his eye, since as Pliny says in his Natural History: “The soul dwells in the eyes”; and Cecco d’Ascoli: “The eyes reveal the qualities of the heart”.

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