By Sergio De Risio, Franco F. Orsucci
This book experiences the rules of ethics within the background of Western considering. It connects those philosophical concerns with evolutionary thought and modern bioethics, biology and medication, posing new questions for the present dialectics among express and contextual ethics. Novel solutions are awarded from complexity conception — self-organization and nonlinear dynamics.
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Extra info for Bioethics in Complexity: Foundations and Evolutions
Thereby Aristotle still testified for the close and unproblematic relationship that in traditional societies tied together collective and individual (personal) forms of the good life. This changed already in the Hellenistic age, and today the Aristotelian testimony of the close interrelationship or interdependency between personal ethics and the collective ethics is either considered to be a characteristic trait of traditional societies or it is almost polemically confirmed by neo-Aristotelian communitarian philosophers.
It is less dependent on the pre-existing variation in the gene pool, and proceeds more directly to new candidate genomes, with less overt trial and error. Darwin had noted that in his day: “Man can hardly select, or only with much difficulty, any deviation 23 Daniel C. Dennett – In Darwin’s Wake, Where Did I Go? ” (Darwin, 1977) 24. But today’s genetic engineers have carried their insight into the molecular innards of the organisms they are trying to create. There is ever more accurate foresight, but even here, if we look closely at the practices in the laboratory, we will find a large measure of exploratory trial and error in their search of the best combinations of genes.
There is, though, a point of the Foucaultian polemics that is foreign to the classical Greek conception of the good life. Although Plato’s and Aristotle’s polis-related ethics was not yet universalistic in a cosmopolitan sense, as was, for the first time, the Stoic and the Christian ethics, nevertheless the universalistic concern of justice was implied in the Greek conception of the good life. This becomes indirectly clear from the fact that the Greek classics after all found it necessary to give a reason for the three well known deviations of their ethics from universalism, namely the minor rights attributed to the barbarians, the slaves and the women.