By James Wright, Matt Leivers, Rachael Seager Smith, Chris J. Stevens
This booklet provides the result of 12 excavations in the Cambourne improvement region, a brand new payment at the clay 'uplands'to the west of Cambridge. The excavations printed facts for intermittent human career of the Cambourne panorama from at the least the center Bronze Age to the current day yet typically of heart Iron Age to Romano-British date. From the center Iron Age, the Cambourne panorama used to be settled by way of small farming groups occupying roundhouses, set inside of enclosures associated by means of droveways to wide box platforms. except the biggest and most intricate web site investigated, at reduce Cambourne, the past due Iron Age turns out to have visible whatever of a recession with abandonment of prior settlements most likely due to elevated waterlogging making farming much less attainable. From the center of the first century advert, new settlements inclusive of roundhouses set inside of enclosures and box structures emerged. 3 'placed deposits' comprised pewter vessels, glass vessels, and the iron parts of a plough. inventory elevating and a few arable cultivation appear to have shaped the most materials of the economyand payment could have endured into the early fifth century There looks then to were a hiatus until eventually the twelfth or thirteenth century whilst the total sector was once taken into arable cultivation leaving the ever present strains of medieval ridge and furrow agriculture.
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Extra resources for Cambourne New Settlement: Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement on the Clay Uplands of West Cambridgeshire (Wessex Archaeology Report)
Immediately to the west of Enclosure G were two small fields or further enclosures, partly defined by parallel ditches 1168 (recut as 1803) and 1359, which extended to the north beyond the limit of excavation. Ditch 1168/1803, and associated ditch 1372, appeared to respect ditch 1176 defining the north side of Phase 3B Enclosure H, and perhaps the latter was a recut of an earlier, Phase 3A ditch of which nothing survived. The arrangement of ditches 1168/1803 and 1372, as well as later ditch 1176, indicates an entrance to the fields or enclosures from the south-west and also demonstrates that the use of Enclosures G and H overlapped.
Its fills were a mixture of slumped natural clay with usually charcoal-rich tip lines and lenses. Finds comprised Middle Iron Age pottery, animal bone, fired clay, and some stone rubble. After silting up the pit was cut by Phase 3 enclosure ditch 60140 and 42 small, unphased pit 60264, the latter containing a broken leaf-shaped arrowhead. A group of four post-holes was identified within the north-eastern corner of the enclosure, but they formed no obvious structure and their phasing is uncertain.
There were no internal features within this roundhouse. To the west of roundhouse 60321, a short length of curving gully (60706) could have been part of the northern arc of a pre-enclosure drip-gully c. 10 m in diameter, truncated at the west by the enclosure ditch. However, the presence to its south of numerous pits and post-holes, grouped together as 60799, might suggest that this area was occupied by a building, the gully cutting one pit (60419) and, in turn, being cut by another (60418). 3 m deep, and some may have held posts supporting a fence or screen.