By Robin Osborne

Семь авторов в девяти коротких, но информативных очерках дают полноценное представление о Древней Греции указанного периода. Анализируется политика городов и союзов, экономика и военные конфликты, общественная и частная жизнь. Рассказывается также и о предшествующем периоде, в котором были заложены основы расцвета греческой цивилизации.Образцы сканов:

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A citizen who felt 28 | classical greece he was being unfairly burdened by a liturgy might nominate a substitute, supposedly wealthier citizen to take his place. If the latter refused, he might be challenged by the former to a complete exchange of properties (antidosis). In this way, in theory at least, public services would end up being performed by the wealthiest citizens, without the need for the cumbersome and inaccurate registration of property. In reality, challenges to exchange properties understandably resulted in angry dissent among the Athenian élite: the jurors sat back and enjoyed the fun.

The fragments which survive are difficult to interpret; items are omitted which did not need to be sold off: cash and precious metals could be added directly to the Treasury. But what remains striking is the gap between the abundance (and value) of land and houses and slaves recorded on the stelae and the seemingly trivial collections of bronze pots, kitchen utensils, and tunics (see below, pp. –). Even the notorious voluptuary Alcibiades could muster only a motley collection of items. Of course, possession of luxury goods might in part redress the balance, but, at least in democratic Athens, overtly conspicuous consumption was ideologically sensitive.

Some Greeks had profited from the Persian overlordship of Ionia. Persia liked to work through native agents, and at the end of the sixth century most Greek cities of Asia Minor were controlled by Greek rulers who owed their position to the Persians. For the élite of a small city facing an enormous empire there was effectively little choice: collaboration with Persia offered the only way to preserve personal status. For Persia, working with the willing was preferable to repressing the unwilling, and the internal divisions that promoting a single man or family to pre-eminence were bound to cause would only make a city the easier to rule.

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