By Nicolas G. Adrien

Computational hydraulics and hydrologic modeling are swiftly constructing fields with a variety of functions in components starting from wastewater disposal and stormwater administration to civil and environmental engineering. those fields are packed with promise, however the abundance of literature that now exists comprises many new phrases that aren't consistently defined.Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary defines extra that 4,000 simple phrases and words concerning water conveyance with emphasis on computational hydraulics and hydrologic modeling. Compiled through Nicolas G. Adrien, a famous consulting engineer with 3 many years of expertise, this dictionary contains specified references to real modeling experiences, approximately a hundred illustrations, a hundred and fifty equations and formulation, and plenty of notations. it is also a bankruptcy of program examples and one other containing greater than 6,000 similar phrases with a listing of assets the place readers can locate extra definitions.Other dictionaries and glossaries relating to those components are typically both dated or a lot narrower in scope. This dictionary bargains vast, practice-based insurance of phrases culled at once from the newest texts, references, and genuine engineering experiences. Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary stands by myself in delivering prepared entry to the vocabulary of those matters.

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It uses a design hyetograph, Horton’s infiltration equation, an ogee-shaped curve for depression storage, and Izzard’s overland flow hydrograph. Chute An inclined hydraulic structure (such as a trough, tube, or shaft) for conveying liquids or granular materials to a lower level. A chute spillway includes a steep open channel (the chute or trough), usually wider at the bottom than at the crest to convey the overflow from earth- or rock-fill dams. Cipolletti weir A trapezoidal weir with notch side slope of one horizontal to four vertical; used to measure flow in open channels, particularly at contractions in streams.

Branched networks are common in irrigation, but rare in potable water supply. See also dendritic network. S. Geological Survey (USGS) to simulate flow in a channel network (interconnected reaches of rivers or estuaries). Other USGS models are FEQ, FESWMS, and FOURPT. Branch sewer A sewer collecting wastewater or stormwater from a relatively small area and discharging into another line serving more than one subarea or subcatchment; receives wastewater from both laterals and house connections. Breach An opening, gap, or rift in a dike, levee, or similar structure; one of the characteristics of a drainage system that can be simulated by the Advanced Interconnected Pond Routing program, along with ordinary links or reaches.

Centrifugal pump A continuous-flow pump that moves water and other liquids by accelerating them radially outward in an impeller fixed on a rotating shaft and enclosed in a casing. The pump imparts pressure to the liquid through the centrifugal force created by the impeller. A centrifugal screw pump has a screw-type impeller. It is one of the most widely used in water supply, drainage, wastewater disposal, and irrigation. Also called radial-flow pump. There are two other types of continuous-flow pumps: axial flow and mixed flow.

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