By Edmund Leites

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Edmund Leites (ed.)

This exam of a basic yet usually missed point of the highbrow historical past of early sleek Europe brings jointly philosophers, historians and political theorists from nice Britain, Canada, the us, Australia, France and Germany. regardless of the range of disciplines and nationwide traditions represented, the person contributions express a impressive convergence round 3 subject matters: alterations within the modes of ethical schooling in early smooth Europe, the emergence of latest relatives among judgment of right and wrong and legislations (particularly the legislations of the state), and the shared continuities and discontinuities of either Roman Catholic and Protestant ethical tradition when it comes to their medieval past.

Review
'This assortment is an illustration of the worth of the goals and techniques encouraged via the overall editors of the sequence, 'Ideas in Context'. The exam of casuistry and its acceptance, of linked principles of judgment of right and wrong and of the idea and perform of ethical schooling within the early smooth interval regularly unearths connections among morality as a pragmatic and public problem and extra systematic and 'philosophical' moral idea. the result's immensely stimulating and suggestive (not much less so for the disagreements between contributors), and constitutes a problem to philosophers to hitch with historians in pursuit of a extra critical background of ethics than is but available.' M. R. Ayers, Wadham collage, Oxford

Contents
Introduction Edmund Leites
1. Governing behavior James Tully
2. Laxity and liberty in seventeenth-century English political proposal Margaret Sampson
3. Casuistry and personality Edmund Leites
4. Prescription and truth Jean Delumeau
5. The 'new artwork of lying': equivocation, psychological reservation, and casuistry Johann P. Sommerville
6. Kant and casuistry H.-D. Kittsteiner
7. ethical mathematics: seven sins into ten commandments John Bossy
8. Optics and sceptics: the philosophical foundations of Hobbes's political concept Richard Tuck
Index.

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Additional info for Conscience and Casuistry in Early Modern Europe (Ideas in Context)

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205, in R. I. Aaron and J. Gibb, An Early Draft of Locke's Essay (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1936), pp. 119-21. Locke's earliest political writings, the two Latin and English manuscripts in support of monarchical absolutism (1660—1), are in response to a radical dispositional defence of toleration on the basis of the sovereignty of natural conscience by Edward Bagshawe in An Essay in Defence of the Good Old Cause (1660). See John Locke, Two Tracts on Government\ ed. Philip Abrams (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1968).

Elements. 7-8. Richard Overton, Mans Mortallitie (Amsterdam, 1643). Pierre Bayle argued against Antoine Arnauld's providential argument that fear of divine punishment is a necessary condition of social order and began to explore the radical possibility of a society of atheists, thus contesting the whole providential apparatus of Christianity. Pierre Bayle, Pensees diverses sur la comete (1682). See Rex, pp. 52-67; and for providentialism see D. P. Walker, The Decline of Hell(London, RKP, 1964).

2, pp. 120-2; 'Ethica' (1692), MS Locke c. 42, p. 224 and 'Morality', MS Locke c. 28, fols. 139-40, both in T. Sargentich, 'Locke and ethical theory', Locke Newsletter, 5 (1974), 24-31. 111 Moral good and evil are like natural good and evil in virtue of their relation to pleasure and pain. They are unlike them, or a special case, in virtue of referring only to voluntary acts and pleasure and pain in the form of rewards and punishments attached to a law. m There are three types of this apparatus.

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