By Kiyoko Hagihara, Chisato Asahi
Whether a usual occasion becomes a catastrophe is determined by the severity of the danger in addition to the of the social sphere of its strength sufferers, i.e., vulnerability. We concentrate on neighborhood vulnerability due to the fact that neighborhood socioeconomic stipulations confirm the facets of the wear and therefore the danger administration coverage. This publication offers the speculation and method to appreciate and focus on nearby vulnerability via an interdisciplinary strategy. The fields quite often incorporated during this paintings are welfare and environmental economics, the making plans and administration quarter of civil engineering, and chance administration. particularly, we specialise in risk and vulnerability surrounding water matters and supply readers with wisdom of the way the local research is integrated into the vulnerability research. additionally thought of is what hazard administration can be whilst the various neighborhood history of the vulnerability is considered. A characteristic of this publication is that it offers contrastive local insurance: the vulnerability of a constructed country—urban and nearby components of Japan—and that of a constructing nation, Bangladesh. The contents include 3 elements: (1) Socioeconomic Vulnerability in a nearby point of view, (2) review of nearby Vulnerability, and (3) dealing with nearby Vulnerability. This ebook is very urged to researchers who desire an updated and interdisciplinary method of care for possibility administration the place local vulnerability performs a tremendous role.
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Extra info for Coping with Regional Vulnerability: Preventing and Mitigating Damages from Environmental Disasters
It requires the maintenance of specific resources and goods that meet different human needs and capacities (O’Neill 2009). Dam construction in Japan can provide an example of these issues (Hagihara and Sakamoto 2006). In the recent conflict over the construction of a weir in Yoshino River, a referendum was carried out in Tokushima city, which is located in the downstream area. As a result, the construction of the weir was stopped. However, the people residing mid- and upstream of Yoshino River, who wanted the weir because they are at risk of being flooded, were not included in the referendum, so their views were not reflected in the decision to stop construction.
2009). The urban areas are likely to be affected as well (Hagihara and Hagihara 2010). Therefore, as Hagihara and Hagihara (1991) have suggested, the depopulation problem in rural areas must be regarded as a problem for the sustainability of the whole region including both urban and rural areas. Furthermore, there are issues with the quality of drinking water in Japan, including cancer risk. A recent serious problem has been various suspensions of the water supply system not only due to disasters such as earthquakes and the 2011 1 Sustainability and Human Well-Being 11 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident at a nuclear power plant but also on account of superannuated water supply systems, most of which were constructed in the mid-twentieth century, when Japan was experiencing high economic growth.
In Chap. 8, marginal willingness to pay for public investment under urban environmental risk is considered. In particular, Hagihara et al. show a model that takes into account a bounded rationality on the amount of risk perception, knowledge of information, and people’s threshold for acceptance of 14 K. Hagihara and C. Asahi risk. Then, based on a case study of urban environmental risk, the evaluation of risk in municipal water use is shown. In order to investigate the knowledge of information and risk perception of people, a survey is conducted using questionnaires.