By Franz Wever

One of the guns which guy has constructed for assault and defence, the swords occupies a distinct position. This has its cause within the undeniable fact that the virtues of the sword bearer, and the virtues of the weapon itself har moniously combination in a virtually certain demeanour. hence among the sword and its bearer a truly exact relation built, which truth was once emphasised by means of mythology to a much better degree than this used to be the case with the other weapon in background. the 1st a part of our survey is intended ro exhibit this. where held through the sword between tne guns was once conduci ve to the end result, that the top paintings of handicraft was once constructed for its professional duction. during this connection the swordcut1ers and armourers, as soon as the man or woman had taken to iron as a operating fabric, had leamed to use the possibities that are inherent during this fabric, particularly its forgeability and hardening potential in a really outstanding means. what's so incredible is the nice similarity of some of the suggestions, which have been constructed at numerous localities and at a variety of a long time within the seasoned duction of the sword. this can be to be proven within the moment a part of our survey.

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Additional resources for Das Schwert in Mythos und Handwerk / Über die Ergebnisse neuerer metallkundlicher Untersuchungen alter Eisenfunde und ihre Bedeutung für die Technik und die Archäologie

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W. 24 und 25 aus Archiv fiir das Eisenhiittenwesen. , London: Abb. 6 aus Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry; Abb. 14 aus Schubert, Iron Ingot of Dorsetshire. Rene Gardi, Bern: Abb. 7-12. Iron and Steel Institute, London: Abb. 13 aus Hadfield, Iron Steel Inst. , London: Abb. 20, 22, 23 und 26 aus C. S. Smith, Endeavour. 27 und 28 aus Alchcmy and other achievements of the ancient Orient. Ch. E. , Vermout, USA: Abb. 28 und 29 aus John Yumoto, Samurai Sword. Quaderno II del Centro per la Staria delta Metalturgia, A.

Bei den ăltesten Schwertern ist sie gerade, spăter haben sich die Schwertschmiede bemiiht, verschiedene Muster zu erzeugen, von dcncn man eine groGe Anzahl unterscheidet. Abbildung 30 zeigt die Oberflăche einer Klinge aus dem 16. Jahrhundert mit sehr unregelmăGig ausgebildeter Yokote. Sie IăGt daneben Streifen von hellen Flecken erkennen, Niye genannt, die annăhernd der Grenzlinie folgen. Diese Flecke erweisen sich bei stărkerer VergroGerung als Martensit, der aus einem groben Austenitkorn gebildet ist.

Es war also vieI einfacher, Eisen zu erschmelzen als Bronze. Die Bronze hat aber, wenn man das Verhăltnis von Zinn und Kupfer einigerma6en einhălt, immer die gleichen Eigenschaften. Das Eisen ăndert seine Eigenschaft je nach Kohlenstoffgehalt sehr stark. Bronze kann man immer wieder umschmelzen; wenn ein Bronzeschwert zerbricht, kann es ohne Schwierigkeiten wieder umgeschmolzen werden. Stahl kann man nicht umschmelzen, ohne seine Eigenschaften vollig zu verăndern. (Staatssekretăr Prof. Dr. ) Ein stăhlernes Schwert ist dem Bronzeschwert immer hoch iiberlegen.

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