By Koichi Shiwaku, Aiko Sakurai, Rajib Shaw
Education is considered a cross-cutting factor for catastrophe possibility aid (DRR) via reviewing the Sendai Framework for DRR (SFDRR) 2015–2030. Mainstreaming catastrophe threat aid (DRR) within the schooling region is likely one of the very important efforts to augment resilience in a group. DRR within the schooling area not just specializes in provision of catastrophe schooling, but in addition contains securing a secure institution atmosphere, constructing university catastrophe administration plans, and development the capability of faculty lecturers and native academic officials. Japan, with its wealth of expertise in DRR, has constructed an excellent resilient method in its schooling area, which has been verified and revised via stories of previous disasters.
This e-book stories the evolution of DRR within the schooling area in Japan, together with a few of the fresh advancements after the 2011 nice East Japan Earthquake, targeting DRR governance and practices in nationwide regulations, curriculum improvement and instructor education, neighborhood linkage, and foreign cooperation, to augment resilience within the schooling sector.
The fundamental objective teams for this e-book are scholars and researchers within the fields of catastrophe administration and DRR experiences. one other goal workforce includes practitioners and coverage makers, who could be in a position to practice the collective wisdom from this paintings to coverage and determination making. The e-book offers an summary of the present examine traits and furnishes uncomplicated wisdom in this very important topic.
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Extra info for Disaster Resilience of Education Systems: Experiences from Japan
With an understanding of such international arguments on how to strengthen disaster risk governance, this section analyzes disaster risk governance in the Japanese education sector. 2 Advantage of Disaster Risk Governance in the Japanese Education Sector The responsibilities of Japan’s MEXT include giving required instructions and advising and assisting local and municipal governments on education, including school safety issues, although educational administration reform has been under pressure to transfer more power and authority to schools.
Based on a discussion of the challenges faced by the education in Japan at different periods, this chapter examines the overall ways that disaster-prevention education related to natural disasters in school education has changed and the developments that will be necessary in the future. 2 Treatment of Natural Disasters in the School Curricula During the first half of the twentieth century, the treatment of natural disasters in science education had an important significance because of the occurrence of major earthquakes in the Japanese archipelago.
5 % as of April 2014 (Fig. 4). To further accelerate the quake-resistance rate among public schools, the MEXT established a new subsidy for improving school facilities and expanded coverage of subsidies for the quake-resistance project. At the same time, the MEXT also secured a budget for recovery and reconstruction of damaged school facilities, including relocation of schools from coastal areas to higher places demolished by the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. The MEXT expects to complete 99 % of the planned reconstruction project and achieve 100 % completion of quake resistance of school facilities by the end of fiscal year 2015.