By William Theodore DE BARY

The doyen of Confucian stories in the USA right here constructs a magisterial review of 3,000 years of East Asian civilizations, largely within the type of dialogues one of the significant platforms of proposal that experience ruled the Asian world's ancient improvement.

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Extra resources for East Asian Civilizations: A Dialogue in Five Stages (The Edwin O. Reischauer Lectures)

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In practice this could mean simply the coexistence of religion and state, involving neither confrontation nor serious dialogue. Thus in the actual "rapprochement" of Buddhism and the Chinese dynastic state as it became a model for East Asia, we see a momentary accommodation of Buddhism to Chinese politics-religion legitimizing the ruler and the ruler patronizing the religion-without any genuine encounter or exchange between the two. Hua-yen Buddhism left no residual influence on the Chinese political tradition, and it is doubtful whether there was any influence in reverse.

As the Sung promoted civil rule, it encouraged relevant forms of scholarship and secular education. D. 983)2 expressed in its title the aspiration to achieve a golden age of civil peace and to compile for the guidance of the ruler a conspectus of all past learning. The encyclopedia typifies the governmental need for both broad knowledge and specific kinds of learning to deal with a wide range of complex problems.

L. Basham, a leading Indologist, saw this collaboration as providing Chinese dynasties with a stability and a continuity, based on secular learning and a bureaucratic ethos, that Indian dynasties lacked. 11 However this may be, no less significant is that Confucian learning survived on its own through scholarly lineages, and in Chinese homes as a family ethic, long before it gained official recognition or dynastic sponsorship. Even its critics, whether Mohist, Taoist, or Legalist, testify to the central role and wide influence of Confucian teachings in Chinese life, despite the Chinese rulers' continuing indifference to them, not to mention the actual contempt of some and even suppressioll by others.

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