By Samuel Scheffler

This choice of essays by way of famous thinker Samuel Scheffler combines dialogue of summary questions in ethical and political conception with recognition to the normative measurement of present social and political controversies. as well as chapters on extra summary concerns akin to the character of human valuing, the function of partiality in ethics, and the importance of the excellence among doing and permitting, the quantity additionally comprises essays on immigration, terrorism, toleration, political equality, and the normative value of culture.

Uniting the essays is a shared preoccupation with questions about human price and values. the amount opens with an essay that considers the final query of what it really is to price anything - as adverse, say, to in need of it, eager to wish it, or considering that it's priceless. different essays discover specific values, akin to equality, whose which means and content material are contested. nonetheless others contemplate the tensions that come up, either inside and between participants, as a result of the variety of human values. one of many overarching goals of the ebook is to light up different ways that liberal political conception makes an attempt to unravel conflicts of either one of those kinds.

Reviews:

"As i'm hoping this brief precis makes transparent, Scheffler's imaginative and prescient is an enticing one, and his arguments for it are compelling. That by myself makes Equality and culture an incredible contribution to modern political philosophy, even if a number of the essays were released in other places. it's a bonus that also they are a excitement to learn. There are philosophers whose writing, regardless of its acuity and intensity, gives the look that the standard feelings and reviews of so much in their fellow people are alien to them. Scheffler's writing is various: right here, acuity and intensity are mixed with a certain experience of the character and diversity of our tasks, our issues, and our motivations. to pass judgement on by means of Equality and culture, Scheffler is not just a main thinker but additionally a smart one." --Thomas Porter, Ethics and foreign Affairs

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Additional resources for Equality and Tradition: Questions of Value in Moral and Political Theory

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There is no limit in principle to the number of things whose value we can recognize or acknowledge. By contrast, there are severe limits to how much one can value within the confines of a single human life. 15. Elizabeth Anderson says in Value in Ethics and Economics (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993, p. ” Thomas Scanlon says in What We Owe to Each Other (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998, p. ” 22 individuals The points I have been making have implications for the view of valuing defended by Michael Smith.

This would narrow the gap between Scanlon’s account and mine, though the differences noted earlier concerning the role of the emotions would remain. va l u i n g 37 value all valuable things. However, I believe that something even stronger is true, namely, that there are some valuable things that can only be valued by certain people, even though everyone can recognize their value. Imagine, for example, that I have just heard a glowing account of the friendship between two people whom I have never met and with whom I have no connection.

In Section VI, the longest section, I will consider the proposal, which is implicit in the work of a number of philosophers, that morality itself may be interpreted on the model of relationship-dependent reasons and membershipdependent reasons. This proposal suggests a radical extension of the line of argument developed in earlier sections of the essay, and it has the potential to cast debates about morality and partiality in a new light. It implies that the very impartiality that we rightly see as a defining feature of morality has its roots in the same structures of normativity that give rise to legitimate reasons of partiality.

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