By James M. Lafferty

An quintessential source for scientists and engineers all in favour of excessive vacuum technology

Vacuum expertise has advanced considerably over the last thirty years and is now vital to numerous fields of clinical examine in addition to the scientific know-how, meals processing, aerospace, and electronics industries.

Foundations of Vacuum technology and expertise deals a finished survey of the actual and chemical ideas underlying the creation, size, and use of excessive vacuums. It additionally presents a worthy severe survey of significant advancements that experience happened within the box over the last a number of decades.

Comprising contributions from a number of the world's major experts in vacuum strategies, Foundations of Vacuum technology and Technology:
* experiences the legislation of kinetics, the foundations of fuel circulate over quite a lot of pressures, and the behaviors of either compressible and turbulent flows
* good points exhaustive insurance of vacuum pump know-how, together with liquid ring pumps, dry pumps, rapid pumps, getter pumps, and cryo pumps
* Describes leak detectors utilized in industry
* Examines all kinds of strain dimension innovations, together with the most recent quadrupole mass spectrometer recommendations for partial strain analysis
* Explores the state-of-the-art in calibration and criteria.

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4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Bakeout Processes References 11. Ultrahigh and Extreme High Vacuum Paul A. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. 1. 2. 3. 3. 4. 1. 5. UHV/XHV Hardware 620 620 622 625 628 629 636 639 641 642 642 643 646 647 648 648 652 652 References 12. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 4. 5. Measurement of Pumping Speeds References Appendix Graphic Symbols for Vacuum Components Conversion Factors for Pressure Units Vapor Pressure of Common Gases Vapor Pressure of Solid and Liquid Elements General Reference Books on Vacuum Science and Technology 665 670 673 676 676 680 683 686 689 692 695 701 701 708 709 711 714 Index < previous page 715 page_xxi next page > < previous page page_xxiii next page > Page xxiii Acronyms Acronyms used in the text are listed under the chapter where they occur.

Foundations of Vacuum Science and Technology, Edited by James M. Lafferty. ISBN 0-471-17593-5 © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. < previous page page_1 next page > < previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Temperature is defined as a quantity proportional to the average (kinetic) energy of translation of the particles in a reference frame moving with any fluid flow at a given small region. In the case of monatomic molecules (such as those of the rare gases and the vapors of most metals), the effect of increased temperature is evidenced by increased translational energy of the molecules.

UHV/XHV Hardware 620 620 622 625 628 629 636 639 641 642 642 643 646 647 648 648 652 652 References 12. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 4. 5. Measurement of Pumping Speeds References Appendix Graphic Symbols for Vacuum Components Conversion Factors for Pressure Units Vapor Pressure of Common Gases Vapor Pressure of Solid and Liquid Elements General Reference Books on Vacuum Science and Technology 665 670 673 676 676 680 683 686 689 692 695 701 701 708 709 711 714 Index < previous page 715 page_xxi next page > < previous page page_xxiii next page > Page xxiii Acronyms Acronyms used in the text are listed under the chapter where they occur.

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