By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Air Force Studies Board, Committee on Future Air Force Needs for Survivability

A key technical factor for destiny Air strength platforms is to enhance their skill to outlive. elevated use of stealth expertise is proposed by way of many to be the key point in efforts to reinforce survivability for destiny structures. Others, even if, recommend that the excessive expense and upkeep required of stealth expertise make elevated velocity most likely extra effective. to assist tackle this factor, the Air strength requested the NRC to enquire mixtures of velocity and stealth that might offer U.S. airplane with a excessive survival potential within the 2018 interval, and to spot adjustments in R&D plans to allow such airplane. This document offers: a evaluate of stealth know-how improvement; a dialogue of attainable destiny missions and threats; an research of the technical feasibility for attaining a number of degrees of stealth and various speeds by means of 2018 and of suitable near-term R&D wishes and priorities; and, observations in regards to the application of velocity and stealth trade-offs opposed to evolving threats.

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Another challenge of future systems will be to continue previous trends in advancing propulsion capability and, as a result, the capability of the vehicle system. Previous technology-development initiatives have been TECHNOLOGICAL SETTING 37 successful in developing new materials, increasing module performance, and increasing component eficiencies. Further efforts on materials and components can bring about additional improvements in engine capability. A fundamental technology challenge for all future propulsion applications is to ind additional ways to improve the total vehicle system.

Forces will probably face. THREATS AND NEEDED CAPABILITIES To implement the National Defense Strategy, the Department of Defense’s (DOD’s) senior civilian and military leaders identiied four priority areas in the QDR for examination:3 1. Defeating terrorist networks, 2. S. , March 2005. S. , February 6, 2006 (hereafter cited as QDR, 2006). 3QDR, 2006, p. 19. 4The committee did not consider this area to be a focus of this report. 19 20 FUTURE AIR FORCE NEEDS FOR SURVIVABILITY 3. Shaping the choices of countries at strategic crossroads, and 4.

Not to be susceptible is to avoid detection and interception through aircraft design and by characteristics that mitigate susceptibility, such as smokeless engines, low radar and infrared signatures, capable self-defense ordnance, and speed, and through the application of evasive tactics. 2Robert E. Ball, The Fundamentals of Aircraft Combat Survivability Analysis and Design, Second Edition, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Education Series, 2003. BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW 15 Vulnerability Vulnerability, as distinct from susceptibility, is mainly in the hands of the aircraft designer and of structured assessment analyses used to determine how well an aircraft can resist damage in a hostile environment and keep on lying, through to successful mission accomplishment.

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