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C. Souls and Spirits VI. All monads have perception and appetition and the self-sufficiency of inherent development. But • some monads—to be called souls—also have consciousness and memory (19, 20, 24); • these monads enjoy a more heightened and developed mode of (conscious) perception (21); • this sort of perceptual experience is orderly and coherently interconnected (23). VII. The more sophisticated perceptual experience of the conscious sort that is found only in the more developed soui-endowed organisms • reflects the physiological make-up of the animals that manifest it (25); • is accompanied by memory in a way that brings a law of association into operation (26); • is also accompanied by a capacity for imagination (27).

The existence of the best accordingly roots in the free will of God (55). XVI. God's commitment to the realization of perfection in the real world • involves a coordination among all existing situations which attunes all things to one another in smoothly coordinated interrelations (56); •means that each substance represents a particular point of view regarding one single unified whole (57); • maximizes realizable perfection by way of an optimal combination of variety and orderliness (58). XVII.

Even as an Aristotelian entelechy is an organically self-developing organism, so a monad is a metaphysically self-developing mechanism (an "incorporeal automaton"). Leibniz's Use of Analogies and Principles 39 19. Even as souls have conscious perception and appetites, so simple monads have unconscious perception and appetition. 20. Even as in sleep and fainting human minds fall into occasional unconsciousness, so bare monads standardly function in unconsciousness. 21. Unconscious is to conscious perception as death and fainting are to the waking experience of souls.

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