By Giora Hon, Jutta Schickore, Friedrich Steinle

Like any goal-oriented process, test is topic to many types of disasters. those mess ups have numerous positive aspects, counting on the details in their assets. For the experimenter those pitfalls could be refrained from and their results minimized. For the historian-philosopher of technological know-how and the technological know-how educator, nevertheless, they're instructive beginning issues for reflecting on technology often and clinical process and perform specifically. usually extra is realized from failure than from affirmation and profitable software. The id of errors, its resource, its context, and its therapy make clear either practices and epistemic claims. This e-book indicates that it really is fruitful to carry to gentle forgotten and misplaced disasters, topic them to research and research from their ethical. The research of mess ups, mistakes, pitfalls and errors is helping us comprehend the way in which wisdom is pursued and certainly generated. The booklet provides either historic bills and philosophical analyses of mess ups in experimental perform. It covers issues corresponding to "error as an item of study", "learning from error", "concepts and lifeless ends", "instrumental artifacts", and "surprise and puzzlement".

This publication can be of curiosity to historians, philosophers, and sociologists of technology in addition to to practising scientists and technology educators.

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Fowler, H. N. ) (1977) Plato’s Theaetetus, the Loeb Classical Library, Plato VII, vol. 128 (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press). Franklin, A. (1981) “Millikan’s published and unpublished data on oil drops, “Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 11: 185 – 201. Galison, P. (1987) How Experiments End (Chicago: University of Chicago Press). Giere, R. N. (1997) “Scientific Inference: Two Points of View,” Philosophy of Science (Proceedings) 64: S180–S184. Hertz, H. (1883/1896) Miscellaneous Papers, with an introduction by P.

Background theory; Assumptions concerning the apparatus and its working; Observational reports; Theoretical conclusions. , Hon 1989a, 1989b, 1995). A distinct characteristic of the proposed taxonomy is its focus on the source, rather than on the 24 G. Hon resultant error. By concentrating on the definitions of different classes of source of error, the typology illuminates from a negative perspective the elements which are involved in experiment and their interrelations. To conclude in the spirit of the metaphorical language of Francis Bacon (1561–1626) and following his idols of the theatre, I suggest to characterize these four kinds of experimental errors as idols of the script, the stage, the spectator and the moral.

What exactly are the consequences for the ‘erroneous globule hypothesis’ of our attempts to do justice to past microscopists’ conceptual frameworks and evaluative standards? Does it still make sense to portray the microscopists’ descriptions of globular elements as ‘erroneous’? John Pickstone’s account of the globule hypothesis in his 1973 article ‘Globules and Coagula’ suggests a negative answer. Pickstone wants us to take seriously those early nineteenth-century ‘patterns of thought which underlay this whole sequence of investigations’.

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