By Michael Bass, Casimer DeCusatis , Jay Enoch, Vasudevan Lakshminarayanan, Guifang Li, Carolyn MacDonald, Virendra Mahajan, Eric Van Stryland

The such a lot finished and updated optics source available

Prepared below the auspices of the Optical Society of the United States, the 5 rigorously architected and cross-referenced volumes of the instruction manual of Optics , 3rd variation, include every little thing a scholar, scientist, or engineer calls for to actively paintings within the box. From the layout of advanced optical platforms to world-class learn and improvement tools, this definitive e-book offers unprecedented entry to the basics of the self-discipline and its maximum minds.

Individual chapters are written via the world's most famous specialists who clarify, illustrate, and clear up the full box of optics. every one quantity incorporates a entire bankruptcy directory for the total guide , huge bankruptcy glossaries, and a wealth of references. This pioneering paintings bargains remarkable insurance of optics info, concepts, and functions.

Volume IV covers optical homes of fabrics, nonlinear optics, and quantum optics.

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Additional resources for Handbook of Optics, Third Edition Volume IV: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics (set)

Sample text

The K’s are defined as ratios and therefore do not require absolute radiometric measurements. 2. , they provide a connection between biology and optics). 3. , Kd has implications for remote sensing). 4. Radiative transfer theory provides several useful relations between the K’s and other quantities of interest, such as absorption and beam attenuation coefficients, the irradiance reflectance, and the average cosines. 5. Instruments are available for routine measurement of the K’s. , solar angle or sea state) changes their value, sometimes by a negligible amount but sometimes greatly.

For example, during the growth phase of a phytoplankton bloom the rapid increase in population of a particular species may give abnormally large numbers of particles in a particular size range. Such bloom conditions therefore give a “bump” in n(x) that is not well modeled by the simple Junge distribution. 23 found that a log-normal distribution sometimes better described the distributions of inorganic particles found in water samples taken from near the bottom at deep ocean locations. 0-μm size range but included quartz grains, metal oxides, and phytoplankton skeletal parts such as coccolithophore plates.

Most past and current research within hydrologic optics has been within the subfield of oceanic optics, in particular the optics of deep ocean waters, as opposed to coastal or estuarine areas. This emphasis is reflected in our uneven understanding of the optical properties of various water types. 4 PROPERTIES Although the optical properties of different water bodies can vary greatly, there is an overall similarity that is quite distinct from, say, the optical properties of the atmosphere. Therefore, hydrologic and atmospheric optics have developed considerably different theoretical formulations, experimental methodologies, and instrumentation as suited to each field’s specific scientific issues.

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