By Stanford J. Shaw

Empire of the Gazis: the increase and Decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1280-1808 is the 1st publication of the two-volume historical past of the Ottoman Empire and glossy Turkey. It describes how the Ottoman Turks, a small band of nomadic infantrymen, controlled to extend their dominions from a small principality in northwestern Anatolia at the borders of the Byzantine Empire into one of many nice empires of 15th- and sixteenth-century Europe and Asia, extending from northern Hungary to southern Arabia and from the Crimea throughout North Africa virtually to the Atlantic Ocean. the amount sweeps away the amassed prejudices of centuries and describes the empire of the sultans as a residing, altering society, ruled by means of the small multinational Ottoman ruling type led by means of the sultan, yet with a scope of presidency so slender that the themes, Muslim and non-Muslim alike, have been left to hold on their lonesome lives, religions, and traditions with little outdoors interference.

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Additional info for History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 1, Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1280-1808

Sample text

Since Orhan was a member of the ruling family, however, already designated as his father's heir, the real precedent was established when Orhan appointed a man outside his family, Alauddin Pa§a, as vezir, with considerable power as his chief minister. Besides vezirs appointed as commanders and civil governors in the conquered provinces, other vezirs The First Ottoman Empire, 1280-1413 25 were later created to handle financial and administrative duties. 2 Each vezir built up his own court or department to manifest his power and enable him to accomplish his duties.

2 Each vezir built up his own court or department to manifest his power and enable him to accomplish his duties. The most important of these was the treasury of state (Hazine-i Amire), now separated from that of the ruler. The organization of each department and the extent to which it relied on Islamic, Byzantine, or Turkish traditions, to a certain extent depended on the background and leanings of its vezir and his advisers at this formative stage. State policy was discussed and determined by these vezirs in meetings referred to by the Persian term Divan-i Humayun (Imperial Council).

The acquisition of Karesi was particularly important, perhaps more so than the victories against the Byzantines, since it brought the Ottomans all the way to Qanakkale, across the Dardanelles from the Gallipoli Peninsula, completed their control of the southern coast of the Sea of Marmara, and enabled them to move across the Dardanelles into Europe whenever the opportunity arose. Orhan thus was in a position where he could mix into Byzantine quarrels and actually raid or occupy Byzantine lands.

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