By Lan Gao

Academic researchers have lengthy been excited by the standards that effect the styles of attendance in better schooling and the level to which larger schooling has been obtainable to all scholars despite their socioeconomic prestige. vast learn has indicated number of class-related elements, resembling cultural capital, social capital, and monetary capital, exert awesome affects at the quantity and sort of schooling that one gets. Drawing on cultural capital thought, this research goals at reading how scholars' collage selection procedure varies by way of social type in China. by way of exploring diverse cultural and fiscal elements that impression diverse levels of scholars' university selection method, this examine hopes to give a contribution to choosing the main acceptable rules and practices for elevating the illustration of scholars from the bottom social classification between university members.

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The constructs that represent the economic capital are parents’ ability to pay for education and their willingness to pay. 1 presents these constructs and the individual variables that make up the constructs. These variables are taken from the literature on cultural capital in chapter 2. The construct “academic preparation” includes early family education, education planning, reading and learning environment at home, and school choices. A number of studies (Cabrera & La Nasa, 2001; Kuo & Hauser, 1995; Perna, 2000; Perna, 2002) indicate that as students’ academic achievement increases, so does the likelihood of college attendance.

210). 1. indb 32 7/21/11 10:52 AM Models of Student College Choice 33 Focusing on the factors that contribute to success in school, Bempechat’s study (1998) also indicates the importance of early childhood effects on cognitive development and academic achievement. Her findings demonstrate that high-achieving children have experienced similar early family education and have similar perceptions about their parents’ educational beliefs and practices. The prior research presented in the literature chapter also reveals the importance of early family education and of the role of academic performance in demand for education.

Blau and Duncan (2000) call such a situation “a vicious circle” in which “each factor acts on the other in such a way as to preserve the social structure in its present form, as well as the individual family’s position in that structure. . The cumulation of disadvantages (or of advantages) affects the individual’s entry into the labor market as well as his later opportunities for social mobility” (p. 42). In their study, Blau and Duncan (2000) found that fathers’ education and occupations are the most powerful variables for predicting participants’ educational attainment and occupational achievement.

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