By Roy Schafer

Perception and interpretation are the most important instruments of the psychoanalytic approach which were missed and misunderstood in contemporary psychoanalytic literature the place the point of interest has shifted to the consequences of countertransference at the dating among sufferer and analyst. Roy Schafer brings those instruments again to the vanguard of psychoanalytic pondering, integrating them with fresh contributions on countertransference to create a extra cohesive figuring out of the psychoanalytic approach. those essays will end up valuable to analysts attempting to retain an articulated and rounded view of what it takes to carry aspiring to their patient's lives throughout the strength of perception and priceless interpretations.

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Extra info for Insight and Interpretation: The Essential Tools of Psychoanalysis

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That orientation does not manifest philosophical idealism, and it does not entail Insight: Seeing or Telling? / 27 rampant relativism. What is being claimed is that facts exist only under a description. There is no way to deal with the facts of the case except through versions of them. The world as a subject for re­ flection must be told. Subjective experience cannot be analyzed without being narrated. Assessing the truth-value of what is told is another matter. It can always be assessed by using the methods and criteria that are accepted within the realm of knowledge and belief in which one is operating.

N o longer available to the analyst is any clear and consistent appre­ ciation of just how much of the analysand's strength, even vio­ lence, has entered into their relationship. However designated— negative therapeutic reaction, negative transference, psychic impotence, or masochistic defeatism—these destructive strategies have subjugated the now fragmented and powerless analyst. Re­ sentment may follow close on the heels of this disempowerment. Fundamentally, then, it is not so much that the analysand has jockeyed the analyst to do the thinking for her or him, as it is that, implicitly, the analysand is doing the thinking for both of them.

A n d yet there is a sense in which it is correct and useful to maintain that, primarily, insight is for the analyst. How is this so? The answer comes in several parts. First, it is usually the analyst who maintains a reasonably firm grasp on the insights that have been developed and on their poten­ 16 / Insight and Interpretation tial usefulness in interventions that facilitate understanding and adaptation. Although analysts might modify, even reject, certain insights as the work progresses, they usually make these changes knowingly and deliberately, for they will have been maintaining the insights not as certainties but only as provisional formulations, much like hypotheses to be continuously reassessed in the light of further evidence.

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