By R. Byron Bird, Warren E. Stewart, Edwin N. Lightfoot, Daniel J. Klingenberg
Introductory delivery Phenomena by means of R. Byron chook, Warren E. Stewart, Edwin N. Lightfoot, and Daniel Klingenberg is a brand new introductory textbook in accordance with the vintage chicken, Stewart, Lightfoot textual content, shipping Phenomena. The authors’ objective in penning this ebook displays themes coated in an undergraduate path. the various rigorous subject matters appropriate for the complicated scholars were retained.
The textual content covers subject matters corresponding to: the shipping of momentum; the delivery of strength and the shipping of chemical species. The association of the cloth is the same to Bird/Stewart/Lightfoot, yet presentation has been thoughtfully revised particularly for undergraduate scholars encountering those ideas for the 1st time.
Devoting extra space to mathematical derivations and offering fuller reasons of mathematical developments—including a piece of the appendix dedicated to mathematical topics—allows scholars to appreciate shipping phenomena recommendations at an undergraduate point.
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Additional info for Introductory Transport Phenomena
Note that for gases 1 A comprehensive presentation of experimental techniques for measuring transport properties can be found in W. A. Wakeham, A. Nagashima, and J. V. Sengers, Measurement of the Transport Properties of Fluids, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (1991). Sources for experimental data are: Landolt-Börnstein: Zahlenwerte und Funktionen, Vol. II, 5, Springer (1968–1969); International Critical Tables, McGraw-Hill, New York (1926–1930); Y. S. Touloukian, P. E. Liley, and S. C. Saxena, Thermophysical Properties of Matter, Plenum Press, New York (1970); and also numerous handbooks of chemistry, physics, fluid dynamics, and heat transfer.
That is, 0ij can still be interpreted as the molecular force in the j direction per unit area perpendicular to the i direction, exerted by the fluid at lesser i on the fluid at greater i, except that now i and j take on the values r,p,z (cylindrical coordinates) or r,p,d (spherical coordinates). 2-2. 2-2 illustrates some typical surface elements and differential forces in terms of stress tensor components that arise in fluid dynamics. Some caution should be used, however, when expressing the components of the viscous stress (momentum flux) tensor fij in terms of the velocity gradients.
M. Watson, and R. A. Ragatz, Chemical Process Principles, Part II, Wiley, New York, 2nd edition (1959), p. 859. 5 B. E. Poling, J. M. Prausnitz, and J. P. O’Connell, The Properties of Gases and Liquids, McGraw-Hill, New York, 5th edition (2001), Chapter 9. 6 A. M. J. F. Michels and R. E. Gibson, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London), A134, 288–307 (1931). 6 VISCOSITY OF GASES AND KINETIC THEORY To get a better appreciation of the concept of molecular momentum transport, we examine this transport mechanism from the point of view of an elementary kinetic theory of gases.