By Isabelle Stengers
Philosophy of technological know-how
Isabelle Stengers the discovery of recent technology Translated through Daniel W. Smith
A notion for higher knowing the character of clinical exercise from an important ecu philosopher.
The so-called specific sciences have continuously claimed to be diversified from other kinds of data. How are we to judge this statement? should still we attempt to spot the standards that appear to justify it? Or, following the recent version of the social examine of the sciences, should still we view it as an easy trust? the discovery of recent technology proposes a fruitful method of going past those it seems that irreconcilable positions, that technology is both "objective" or "socially constructed." as an alternative, indicates Isabelle Stengers, the most vital and influential philosophers of technology in Europe, we would comprehend the stress among clinical objectivity and trust as an important a part of technological know-how, crucial to the practices invented and reinvented by means of scientists.
"Stengers has selected to seem for a touchstone distinguishing stable technology from undesirable now not in epistemology yet in ontology, no longer within the be aware yet within the world." Bruno Latour
Isabelle Stengers is affiliate professor of philosophy on the unfastened college of Brussels. She obtained the grand prize for philosophy from the Academie Franaise in 1993, and is the writer of various books, together with strength and Invention (Minnesota, 1997).
Daniel W. Smith has translated many books, together with numerous works by means of the thinker Gilles Deleuze.
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Extra resources for Invention Of Modern Science
There are many questions to be asked regarding this Popperian characterization. The first, which was asked neither by Popper nor by the demarca- 30,1 tionist tradition, is the question o f knowing what this characterization is in fact aiming at: the scientist in general, or the specialist in the experimental sciences? 14 However, even with regard to sciences whose ex perimental nature is incontestable, we can ask what meaning the criterion o f demar cation would have. Is it a “realist” criterion, which would claim to characterize the norms to which true scientists in fact conform themselves?
34,5 O n e H is t o r i c a l T r a d i t i o n a m o n g O t h e r s ? Reason: there are many possible readings of this word that haunts philosophy. W e could justly say that one o f the poorest readings is that o f normative rationality: the search for a criterion to which anyone who wants to be a scientist must agree to subject himself or herself. But its importance lies in the fact that it was born out of the concern to demonstrate that science is indeed irreducible to the registers we are accustomed to use in deciphering human activities — that is, to demonstrate in an explicit manner what scientists themselves affirm about science.
It is not enough, no matter where one looks, to find situations that resemble a model or confirm a theory. It is necessary for the appetite to be sharpened by the challenge — not by a monotonous and unanimous landscape, where one always “recognizes” the same thing, but by an undulating landscape, rich with subtle differences that must be invented, where the term recognize does not refer to the observation o f a resemblance but to the challenge o f actualizing it. Like Kuhn, Lakatos emphasized the highly artificial character o f the logicist mise-en-scene confronting an isolatable proposition and data that either confirm or invalidate it.