By Thomas Clayton
This publication examines language selection in modern Cambodia, and makes use of the case research to discover and review competing motives for the unfold of English globally.
Following the advent, the a number of contexts during which Cambodians make person and institutional language coverage offerings are thought of. Chapters 2 and three study the industrial and political contexts for language selection, as Cambodia has transitioned from a deliberate economic system and communism to a marketplace economic climate and democracy. Chapters four, five, and six study the help context for language selection; the bilateral, multilateral, and nongovernmental improvement corporations that experience lately started to paintings in Cambodia call for yes language talents of Cambodian staff and govt opposite numbers, and help the training of those languages in either nonformal and formal education.
Individual and institutional languages offerings Cambodians are making in monetary, political, tips, and academic contexts are defined. a few Cambodians have selected to benefit French, making language coverage judgements supportive of French language studying, in anticipation of schooling provided in French at universities in the community and overseas. extra Cambodians are learning and studying chinese language to acquire jobs with organisations owned or controlled by way of chinese language audio system. an excellent many have selected to profit English and to aid English language studying in schooling. those judgements reply to the a number of calls for and possibilities for employment with fiscal and suggestions organizations linked to nearly each state or workforce of countries, for neighborhood and overseas political communique, and for schooling within the international infrastructure of English-language universities.
Having therefore contextualized and defined Cambodians’ modern language offerings, the case research is utilized to a theoretical debate within the box of language coverage stories. The specifics of the Cambodian case totally verify neither the "language selection" nor the "linguistic imperialism" cause of the worldwide unfold of English. quite, in Cambodia English is spreading due to either selection and merchandising, it integrates with (though isn't really quintessential to) the modern international restructuring of the realm, and has brought effects that, even though aggregating towards amelioration, run the gamut from precious to exploitative for teams of Cambodians positioned variously alongside geographical, socioeconomic, ethnic, and different spectra.
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Extra resources for Language Choice in a Nation Under Transition: English Language Spread in Cambodia
Knowledge of Khmer appears sufficient for work in Cambodian-owned businesses that procure supplies and sell products within 36 Chapter 2 Cambodia. Firms either based in or trading with other countries, however, demand language skills in addition to Khmer for Cambodian employees. Virtually all these latter firms require English; an important subset additionally desires knowledge of Chinese; a few prefer French language skills, often in addition to English. Once hired by international or internationally oriented firms, Cambodians are called upon to use their foreign language skills in several ways.
Foreign languages also typically serve as the media of COMPANY COMMUNICATION for foreign firms operating in Cambodia. On one hand, this means that Cambodians working in offices in Phnom Penh use foreign languages to communicate with head offices or company operations in other countries. In the garment industry, Chinese often provides the medium for international company communication; the preference in garment factories is thus "to hire people who can speak Chinese, so as to be able to contact [Chinese-speaking owners in] China, Singapore, Malaysia," and other countries in the region (interview with Iv Thong, 2000).
At the Hotel Inter-Continental and other large hotels, Cambodian employees use English for the purposes of "responding 38 Chapter 2 appropriately and politely to requests or orders," "describ[ing] facilities of the hotel," "giv[ing] directions within the hotel," and so on (Australian Centre for Education, 1999b, p. 9). 5 Forming Cambodians for the Language Needs of Business Cambodians use foreign language skills in office communication, company communication, and customer relations in both foreign- and Cambodian-owned companies in Cambodia.