By Alex Carmel

Less than Ottoman rule, the town of Haifa, situated on the southern element of the most important bay at the coast of what this day is Israel, used to be reworked from a scarcely-inhabited fort city to an important sleek urban. This ebook information the heritage of Haifa below the Ottomans throughout the interval 1516-1918. Alex Carmel makes use of a number of unique assets to discover the realities of lifestyles in Haifa below Ottoman rule and paints a bright photo of the advance of town during this period. Carmel's paintings has turn into the benchmark of the historiography of Israel's 3rd greatest urban and is still to this present day, the best-known and so much highly-regarded survey of Haifa below Ottoman rule. This, the 1st English version of Ottoman Haifa, may be crucial interpreting for all historians of the Ottoman Empire and the center East.

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Extra info for Ottoman Haifa: A History of Four Centuries under Turkish Rule (Library of Middle East History)

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29 The paucity of official sources and their unreliability makes it impossible to give accurate figures. 33 Von Prokesch, who visited Haifa on a mission on behalf of the Austrian government in 1829, tells of 3,000 inhabitants, a tenth of whom were Catholics. 34 Scholz was an investigator, whose knowledge of the Arabic language gave him an advantage over other travellers and whose avowed intention was to study the condition of Christians in the East; the numbers he gives us should therefore inspire some confidence.

He noted some dozens of miserable shops and a few kiosks for the sale of coffee. He had to spend the night in a barbershop. 42 As late as 1821 there was still only one real road, at the end of which stood the governor’s house; it was the one road crossing the town between the two gates. It is possible that the first houses were built alongside the wall facing the sea, where the home of the governor stood. There was also the customs house, and perhaps there too the services connected with shipping were concentrated.

Towards the end of the seventeenth century and in the first half of the eighteenth century there was a steady growth in the commerce of Haifa and, consequently, in its population, though we are not well informed about the products that were sold there. 38 There was no quay and passengers and merchandise had to be transferred to the ships by small boats. This sort of work, which required a great deal of skill, must also have provided a source of income for some of the inhabitants of Haifa. However, at the very moment when new and promising possibilities were opening up to ancient Haifa, the place was again entirely destroyed.

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