By Michael Hill
This e-book presents a much-needed introductory consultant to the problems surrounding pension coverage, not only within the united kingdom yet around the world, and gives a critique of a few of the dominant principles and assumptions. Noting the serious debate that at the moment surrounds the topic, the booklet explores a much broader view of the ongoing matters approximately pension policy.It attracts recognition to an ideological 'fault-line' working via pensions coverage, among a dominant view of pensions as deferred profits at the one hand and a view of them as services of an sufficient source of revenue to let aged humans to take part totally in society at the different. It argues for extra realization to that moment point of view, as a facet of the quest for a passable paintings/ lifestyles stability. severe of the various 'quick repair' techniques to the subject, the writer assaults 'the demographic time bomb thesis' for its crude assumptions concerning the destiny burden of the previous and exposes naïve assumptions approximately what could be accomplished by way of pension funding.This ebook bargains a superb research for the overall reader and gives an authoritative supplementary textual content for classes in social policy.Policy and Politics within the Twenty-First CenturyThis intriguing sequence deals a consultant via a few of state-of-the-art so much hotly contested coverage concerns by means of exotic leaders within the box. every one booklet untangles present coverage debates, having a look in the back of the rhetoric and spin to find what's on the middle of latest political agendas. Authors current their very own views and make strategies for what may perhaps - or may still - be our priorities for destiny coverage reform.
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Extra info for Pensions (Policy and Politics in the Twenty-First Century)
Beveridge’s recommendations for what was called ‘National Insurance’ were adopted almost in their entirety. The key pieces of legislation enacting the Beveridge scheme were the National Insurance Act of 1946, the National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act of the same year, and the National Assistance Act of 1948. The government rejected Beveridge’s proposal that the retirement pension should be brought in gradually over a 20-year period. It made arrangements for individuals who had not previously been contributors to the retirement scheme to qualify within 10 years or less.
The development of private arrangements for public sector workers advanced rapidly (note the comment in Chapter One that these are described as ‘private’ in the context of the discussion in this book). Unions representing better-paid manual workers pressured for private pension developments for themselves and the larger private enterprises began to develop pension schemes. The Beveridge Report and pension reform: 1940s The 1925 scheme was made applicable to all in employment when, in the 1940s, the government enacted most of the proposals in the Beveridge Report (1942).
The government rejected Beveridge’s proposal that the retirement pension should be brought in gradually over a 20-year period. It made arrangements for individuals who had not previously been contributors to the retirement scheme to qualify within 10 years or less. The Beveridge Report’s assumption that social insurance should become the main mode of provision for the prevention of ‘want’ in the UK depended upon the establishment of benefit levels well above those set by the assistance scheme. The other feature of this emphasis on a basic flat-rate, close to subsistence level, National Insurance benefit was that a situation was created (quite deliberately – as is clear from Beveridge’s writings) in which those with relatively good incomes had a strong incentive to enter private pension schemes or to make other arrangements to protect their incomes in old age.