By Avinash Kak

Note: Ripped from IEEE Xplore.

Your crucial comparative method of studying C++ and Java

Programming with gadgets: A Comparative Presentation of Object-Oriented Programming with C++ and Java, a comparative presentation of object-oriented programming with of the most well-liked programming languages of this present day, teaches important abilities and methods for the web age. in response to hugely winning classes taught by means of the writer, this e-book solutions the necessity for a complete academic application just about object-oriented programming. In a transparent and obtainable structure, the writer compares and contrasts either languages, from uncomplicated language constructs to how either languages are utilized in application-level programming, equivalent to photos programming, community programming, and database programming.

Since either C++ and Java have been born out of a similar language, C, studying those languages jointly has numerous targeted advantages:
* simply because they've got a lot in universal on the point of uncomplicated language constructions, studying C++ and Java jointly saves time and enables the mastery of each
* studying in contrast and comparability could be extra effective and stress-free, permitting readers entry to the strengths and weaknesses of either languages
* studying to write down a application in a single language that corresponds to a given application within the different language allows scholars to take on more challenging initiatives in both language
* evaluating related suggestions within the languages results in a deeper realizing of the options in both

Roughly the 1st half the textual content is dedicated to easy language matters. extra complicated themes are special within the moment part, together with programming of graphical person interfaces, multithreading, community programming, and database programming.

Designed as a textual content for tutorial courses in complicated programming and as a reference for pros enforcing net- and Internet-based functions, Programming with items: A Comparative Presentation of Object-Oriented Programming with C++ and Java is additionally instructed for programmers acquainted with both language who desire to extend their programming abilities.

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Extra info for Programming with Objects: A Comparative Presentation of Object Oriented Programming with C++ and Java

Example text

Inheritance in object-oriented programming allows a subclass to inherit some or all of the data members and functions of its superclass(es). This is one of the most important reasons for why object-oriented code is more easily extensible than other kinds of code. If a vendor-supplied class does not fit the bill exactly, you can extend it by creating a subclass that would inherit the properties and the behavior of the vendor-supplied class and then you can add to it additional properties and behaviors as needed.

We have the function main () in line (B) and the method" addArray() inside the class definition in line (E). In Java, any class can include main O. When a class includes main (), the class becomes executable as an application. Since main () does not return anything in Java, its return type is declared as void. The significance of the labels public and static in the header for main will be explained in Chapter 3. In the body of main, we declare the identifier data as an array of ints and initialize it at the same time, very much like we did for C and c++.

Note that the name of the file before the suffix java is the same as the class name, AddArray. Ordinarily, this is necessary only if a class is declared to be public. A file containing Java classes is allowed to have no more than one public class. If no classes in a file are public, the file can be given any name, but, of course, it must end in the suffix. java. class This bytecode is machine-independent, unlike the executables for C or c++ programs, and can be run by another program called the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

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