By Nicholas F. Jones

A lot of the evidence—literary, old, documentary, and pictorial—from historical Athens is city in authorship, subject material, and meant viewers. the outcome has been the statement of an undifferentiated monolithic "Athenian" citizen regime as frequently as no longer identifiably city in its way of life, preoccupations, and angle. In Rural Athens lower than the Democracy, despite the fact that, Nicholas F. Jones undertakes the 1st accomplished try to reconstruct by itself phrases the area of rural Attica outdoor the partitions through the "classical" 5th and fourth centuries B.C. What he reveals is a fantastically nonurban (and nonurbane) order ruled by way of a conventional, predominantly agrarian society and tradition.

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1EVOV 80KOt : III [.... a"Co~ 25 EX[ 10 ] [. 'JJ~VOV Kat "CoK[ II ] [. [ 19 ] Osborne asks us to believe that these lines establish the point that a structure termed oikia might have a nonresidential function. If this were true, then the meaning of the word oikia in all the many inscriptions (and other texts) under review here would potentially be affected and the case for farmstead residence that I am urging would be severely compromised. e. ") of amphorae "in the ground" 47 and "4,000 stakes" in lines 18-20, implying that the implements were housed inside.

The lessee Diognetos will whitewash any of the walls (house walls, toichoi) in need of it and will build, furnish, and so forth when he wishes (7-11). He is not to remove any of the trees upon pain of replacement in equal number (14-18). When he leaves (a1tE1C>lv, 12), he will take the woodwork, tiles, and doors, disturbing nothing else (11-14). Failure to comply will result in his surrendering the woodwork, etc. and in the loss of the lease (30-37). But why does the text read "when he leaves" (rather ["returns"]), unless he is than, say, 1tapaowC>El["turns over"] or a1tOowC>El actually to occupy one or more of the oikiai?

T' " unless the lessors per- 30 Chapter I suade him otherwise (16-23). We are not told what is to be built by Thrasyboulos (if he so wishes) nor whether the tiles, woodwork, and doors belong to such new construction and/or to some already existing structure. But the inference that he will reside on the property is suggested by the verb a1tlEVal, a very relevant article of evidence not noted by Osborne in his discussion of this text. Sometimes the sense is taken abstractly in the sense of "quitting," that is surrendering of the lease, but nothing in the present context rules out the literal, and therefore in the absence of contrary indications preferable, interpretation.

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