By Derek Russell Davis

Derek Russell Davis argues that psychological healthiness pros operating in a health center or health facility environment can study a lot from playwrights in regards to the mental strategies in psychological affliction. such varied characters as Orestes, Hamlet, Lear, Ophelia, Peer Gynt, Oswald Alving and Blanche Dubois, Dr Davis indicates how insanity in performs is placed into the context of the the most important reports in an individual's historical past and present relationships, and demonstrates that those tales could be a new and fascinating resource of perception into psychological disorder.

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In Sophocles’ Ajax, which is a study of the 30 MODELS OF MADNESS despair that follows on an acute delusional psychosis, Ajax, an honourable man ‘supreme in judgement’ (124), but angry and jealous because the armour of the dead Achilles has been awarded by Atreus to Odysseus, butchers sheep, cattle and their drovers in a mad frenzy, having mistaken them for the human prisoners, the sons of Atreus. He is unrelenting in his frenzy although Odysseus asks him for forgiveness. The psychological mechanism behind Ajax’s mistake may be identified as the displacement of the aggression caused by frustration.

This remark by the distinguished neurologist Hughlings Jackson was quoted with approval by Freud21 as a justification for the effort he put into the study of dreams. Dreams are played out in the theatre of sleep, it has been said. Although Jackson’s remark has proved to be too optimistic, there is no doubt that the study of dreams has contributed greatly to the understanding of madness. Much can be learned from plays too which widens and deepens that understanding. Whatever disadvantages they have, plays have the advantage over dreams and case-histories as material for study that the data lie in what is written and only what is written in the text, which is available for study equally to anyone who wishes to undertake it.

Another is that being misunderstood is disturbing when a person’s sense of identity is already weak; he may then feel under threat from mysterious powers. The lessons in the part played by the Duke when he presides over the revelations of the truth are discussed in Chapter 8. Hamlet Of inexhaustible interest is Hamlet’s supposed madness, which has been discussed in innumerable books, critical reviews and dissertations. So pervasive has been the influence of psychoanalysis that the oedipal conflicts in Hamlet’s relationships with Claudius and Gertrude tend to be regarded as the central theme.

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