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Extra info for Senegal (Modern World Nations)

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Pular Speakers and Mandinke There are five different groups that speak variations of the Pular language. They are the Peul of Walo, from outside of Saint-Louis to the Dagana area; Fulakunda of the Casamance; Fula, from the Fouta Djallon mountains in Guinea; the Laobe, who are a caste of their own; and the Toucouleur of the Fouta Toro. 51 52 Senegal The two largest groups of Pular speakers are Peul and Toucouleur. The Peul are traditionally a nomadic people who herd cattle, goats, and sheep across the vast, dry hinterlands of their domain, keeping somewhat separate from the local agricultural populations.

Serer The Serer are the second-largest ethnic group in Senegal and are a major group in the Gambia. The Kingdom of Sine and Saloum is one of their traditional kingdoms. The Serer have an elaborate religion involving a universal god, called Roog; various dimensions of life and death; space and time; and negotiations with deceased ancestors. They were resistant and slow to adopt Islam, and many Serer areas are now Catholic. The most famous Serer, Senegal’s first president, Léopold Sédar Senghor, was Catholic.

Most slaves were servants or worked as agricultural laborers. The African slave trade as big business began in the 1520s, when Portuguese merchants began to supply Caribbean plantations with African labor. It became the major source of military power and wealth for kingdoms and states of precolonial Senegal. As colonial empires developed rapidly across the Atlantic, African slaves were exported to America and the Caribbean in large numbers. In 1600, 300,000 slaves were shipped to America. 5 million slaves.

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