By James Ciment

Actually entire in scope - and organized in A-Z layout for speedy entry - this eight-volume set is a one-source reference for an individual learning the old and modern information of greater than a hundred and seventy significant concerns confronting American society. Entries hide the whole diversity of hotly contested social matters - together with fiscal, clinical, environmental, felony, felony, protection, wellbeing and fitness, and media issues. every one access discusses the old origins of the matter or debate; previous capability used to house the problem; the present controversy surrounding the problem from all views; and the near-term and destiny implications for society. furthermore, every one access encompasses a chronology, a bibliography, and a listing of net assets for extra study in addition to fundamental files and statistical tables highlighting the debates.

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Extra info for Social Issues in America: An Encyclopedia, 8 Volume Set

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In closed adoption, also known as traditional adoption, the adoptive parents have no contact with the natal parents, and information concerning the natal family is closed to the adoptee. The Freedom of Information Act has complicated this process. Under this law's provisions, even “closed” adoptions have been “opened,” when records exist, at the insistence of the adoptee. By contrast, “open” adoptions involve a spectrum of relationships between the natal parents and the child they gave up for adoption.

Black Nationalism, supported by the National Association of Black Social Workers, found fault with transracial adoptions that became more prevalent with the Civil Rights movement for further divesting black children of their cultural heritage. The Freedom of Information Act of 1966 also threatened the practice of closed adoption, which prohibited children from learning their biological parents' identity, complicating adoption for mothers who wished to relinquish their children without fear of discovery, and changing societal views of sexuality and the family made single-parent households more common and acceptable.

First and foremost was the women's movement. Prochoice activists came to view adoption as the enemy of abortion. Prevailing feminist opinion portrayed adoption as unnecessarily burdening a woman with the pain of separation from a child she had developed a relationship with during pregnancy. Black Nationalism, supported by the National Association of Black Social Workers, found fault with transracial adoptions that became more prevalent with the Civil Rights movement for further divesting black children of their cultural heritage.

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