By Joseph Patrich

Caesarea Maritima, the capital of the Roman province of Judaea / Palaestina, was once based in 10/9 BCE by way of Herod the nice to function an administrative and monetary middle. It was once named after his Roman shopper Caesar Augustus, the 1st Roman emperor. The booklet, good illustrated, offers the result of the massive scale excavations on the website throughout the Nineties and early 2000s of their wider ancient and cultural context: the architectural evolution and transformation of the thriving urban from its beginning to its decline because of the Arab conquest (640/41 CE), its conversion to a Roman colony in seventy one CE, facets of provincial management, trade and economic climate, leisure and non secular lifetime of its groups Jews, Pagans, Christians and Samaritans.

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Extra info for Studies in the Archaeology and History of Caesarea Maritima: Caput Judaeae, Metropolis Palaestinae (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity)

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Several architectural phases were discerned here. The starting gates, like all other parts of the hippodrome, were built of kurkar stone and coated with white plaster. More than half of the stalls were exposed in a section c. 30 m wide on the eastern part. The stalls further to the west were eroded by the sea. It is logical to assume that they were similar, symmetrically arranged structures. Three phases were discerned in the arrangement of the starting gates. 113 The Phase I carceres had five stalls on either side of the central gate.

1998: figs. 4c and 7. See Patrich 2000a; 2002f, reprinted here as Chapter Twelve. Cotton & Eck 2001. Porath 1996a: 110–13; 1998: 37–38. 28 chapter one opus sectile floors and frescoed walls. The Roman domus in area KK (extending into the area excavated by the IAA) contained a bathhouse and a miqveh. Entertainment Structures (1) The Theater (Fig. 96 Noticed by travelers and explored more attentively by the SWP team in the nineteenth century, the Herodian theater was exposed in its entirety in the years 1959–63 by the Italian Expedition.

Oholoth 18:13 (ed. Zukermandel: 617), and the discussion in Levine 1975b: 38 and 46–47; cf. Patrich 2006a and infra, Chapter Two. 117 Accordingly, it will be located two blocks to the east of the east Gate of the Crusader wall, where the tetrapylon is set on the map of Byzantine Caesarea in Holum et al. 1988: 163, fig. 112, and 176. According to the Tosefta, the tetrapylon was a monument of the Roman city already under Hadrian (see Patrich 2006a, and the next chapter). 118 Since aqueducts were a common component in Herod’s building projects, one would be expected to have been constructed in Caesarea as well.

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