By Herbert Marcuse
Douglas Kellner (ed.)
Herbert Marcuse is without doubt one of the such a lot influential thinkers of our time. Born in Berlin, Marcuse studied philosophy with Husserl and Heidegger on the Universities of Freiburg and Berlin. Marcuse's serious social conception ingeniously fuses phenomenology, Freudian notion and Marxist conception; and gives a superb floor for his recognition because the most vital determine inspiring the social activism and New Left politics of the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies. The mostly unpublished paintings accumulated during this quantity makes transparent the ongoing relevance of Marcuse's suggestion to modern concerns. The texts released right here, facing matters through the interval 1942-1951, express penetrating opinions of expertise and analyses of the ways in which glossy know-how produces novel varieties of society and tradition with new modes of social keep watch over. the fabric accumulated in expertise, conflict and Facism offers exemplary makes an attempt to hyperlink thought with perform, to increase rules that may be used to know and rework latest social reality.
Technology, struggle and Fascism is the 1st of six volumes of Herbert Marcuse's gathered Papers to be edited through Douglas Kellner. each one quantity is a suite of formerly un-published or uncollected essays, unfinished manuscripts and letters via one of many maximum thinkers of our time.
Part Nineteen Forties interval piece, half stimulus to ongoing notion at the social influence of know-how, this primary in a projected six volumes of Marcuse's papers, a lot of them formerly unpublished, benefits the eye of severe theorists and basic readers alike. Ably edited and annotated by means of former Marcuse scholar Kellner (Philosophy/Univ. of Texas, Austin), quantity one collects papers and a number of other letters (to Max Horkheimer and Martin Heidegger) from the interval while Marcuse was once relocating from theoretical paintings for his loved Institute of Social study (ISR) to more effective reports for the united states workplace of struggle details. The ISR, lower than Horkheimer's course, persevered within the Frankfurt School's culture of Marxist-inspired social critique. The German thought of critique descends from Kant, who observed himself rescuing cause from its bad proneness to self-deception. severe concept within the Frankfurt institution shifted the locus of deception from in the human brain outward, to social forces that unavoidably remodeled, dialectically, into the other of what they . Marcuse's critique of expertise is that, having emerged out of ethical human cause, it quickly makes cause agree to its personal amoral obsession with potency and capability, despite ends. The ensuing ``technical reason'' is a Frankenstein monster that, for Marcuse, explains what the battle workplace employed him to research and propagandize opposed to: Nazi Germany. As new analyses of what Germans name the ``Nazi time'' proceed to seem, Marcuse's relief of Naziism to technical cause run amok--an excrescence of capitalism, totally discontinuous with classical German culture--provides a sober replacement to extra inflammatory theories of inbred German anti-Semitism. Any German highbrow chosen at random opens up onto that massive, uniquely built-in culture of notion, bounded by means of Kant and Heidegger, that in part defines German tradition. For the final reader, Marcuse's early essays offer one entree to that global; for the professional, they supply backdrop to Marcuse's extra well-known released books.
"[The sequence] will make a true contribution to reviving a ignored determine in American in addition to global philosophy." -- Stanley Aronowitz, The Chronicle of upper Education
"[These essays] testify to the continued provocation of Marcuse's suggestion fifty years later." -- Martin Jay, college of California, Berkeley
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Additional info for Technology, War and Fascism (Collected Papers of Herbert Marcuse, Volume 1)
Horkheimer tactfully replied (July 5, 1935) that he could not engage all of the issues in Adorno’s letter in written form, glossing over his attack on Marcuse. ”23 In December 4 and 19, 1942 letters to Marcuse, Horkheimer assures him that it is best that he take the position, that they can continue to collaborate, and that Marcuse can use his government position to advance Institute projects. ” A December 7,1942 letter from OSS official Edward Hartshorne to Marcuse indicates his appreciation for the manuscript and proposes the lines along which key aspects of the proposed Institute project should be elaborated.
Passim. 30 Introduction Marcuse thus sketches here an early version of his unique valorization of the aesthetic and erotic dimensions of existence as preserving the possibility of another reality, a higher condition of transcendence to the existing world. In the realms of art and love, Marcuse suggests, one transcends the banality and oppressiveness of everyday life and exists in a higher dimension. But oppressive forces in existing reality negate the higher possibilities for human freedom and happiness and thus must in turn be negated.
The plan was for Marcuse, Horkheimer, Neumann, Adorno and others to write articles on contemporary philosophy, art, social theory, politics, and so on, but this project also failed to come to fruition—perhaps because of growing philosophical and political differences between the members of the Institute. 53 52 For a discussion of the manuscript’s history, see Wiggershaus, Frankfurt School: 386ff. and the letters to Horkheimer of February 9, 1947 (see page 254) and October 17, 1947 (see page 257).