By Eleanor M. King
The old Maya market reviews the controversy on Maya markets and provides compelling new facts for the lifestyles and id of historic marketplaces within the Maya Lowlands. Its authors reconsider the present perspectives approximately Maya monetary association and provide new views. They characteristic the shortage of Maya industry examine to 2 elements: continual assumptions that Maya society and its rainforest surroundings lacked complexity, and a scarcity of actual facts for marketplaces—a challenge that plagues marketplace learn round the world.
Many Mayanists now agree that no web site was once self-sufficient, and that from the earliest occasions strong neighborhood and nearby trade existed along long-distance alternate. participants to this quantity recommend that marketplaces, the actual areas signifying the presence of a marketplace financial system, didn't exist for basically financial purposes yet served to replace details and create social ties as well.
The old Maya Marketplace bargains concrete hyperlinks among Maya archaeology, ethnohistory, and modern cultures. Its in-depth evaluation of present learn may help destiny investigators to acknowledge and record marketplaces as a long-standing Maya cultural perform. the amount additionally presents unique comparative info for premodern societies in different places within the world.
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Extra resources for The Ancient Maya Marketplace: The Archaeology of Transient Space
250–900) and even earlier (Dahlin 2009; Dahlin and Ardren 2002; Dahlin et al. 2007, 2010; Masson and Freidel 2013; Speal 2014; Tokovinine and Beliaev 2013). The data suggest that this system existed in the highlands and the lowlands alike and connected these two 33 34 King • areas. This chapter will first review and add to the cultural data on Maya markets to be gleaned from ethnohistoric sources. Because the highlands are better known, it will focus specifically on developing a better picture of marketing systems in the lowlands.
Political as well as social realities must also have had a heavy influence, though, something that is still true of modern markets. Competing polities and differing alliances are likely to have skewed the distribution pathways and even the availability of certain products (Masson and Freidel 2013; Minc 2006). In the Maya area, ranges similar to those Hirth (2013) notes for the Mesoamerican highlands have been documented for various products, such as obsidian, both in the Classic and Postclassic (Braswell 2010; Masson and Freidel 2013).
The people in general. It seems likely that silversmithing and featherworking had a more limited clientele among the elite, however. Interestingly, Las Casas (1958:353) remarks that gold and silver did not come from the Guatemalan highlands, where he says there was no metallurgy, but from the Oaxaca, Mixteca, and Tehuantepec areas. That leaves open the possibility, then, that there were foreign craftsmen as well as probably foreign professional merchants in the Verapaz marketplaces. Finally, craft production also seems to have followed gender as well as community specialization lines.