By Lionel Bier
This quantity goals to offer a accomplished book of the Roman Bouleuterion (town corridor) on the Greco-Roman web site of Ephesos (Turkey) together with its ornament. it's in accordance with a manuscript by way of the past due L. Bier about the historical past of study and the structure of the monument, with contributions via H. Thür (architecture), U. Quatember (architectural decoration), H. Taeuber (inscriptions), M. Aurenhammer and T. Opper (sculpture). Bouleuteria of the excessive Imperial interval have been multifunctional constructions, delivering house for civic management but additionally for cultural performances. The Bouleuterion at Ephesos comprised a semicircular auditorium orientated in the direction of a two-storeyed scene. L. Bier discerned major development phasses and provided a reconstruction of the scene. The scene wall of approximately a hundred A.D. was once established by way of a sequence of unmarried columns. mostly section of the 150s A.D., P. Vedius Antonius, the city´s eminent benefactor, committed the conversion right into a sleek aediculated facade and its sculptural ornament. The sculptural application (a portrait gallery of the Antonine dynasty) and the inscriptions hooked up to the scene wall ("Imperial Letters") illustrated the shut dating of sponsor and emperor. The portrait statues (only fragmentarily preserved) have been organize within the reign of Antonius Pius yet evidently now not them all whilst. The portrait of a lady could characterize certainly one of Marcus Aurelius´s daughters. The architectural ornament of the most part of the development was once additionally a part of the conscientiously designed software. The Bouleuterion used to be used as a development until eventually past due Antiquity and past.
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Additional resources for The Bouleuterion at Ephesos
R. 5, 2; 12, 1), taken immediately after cleaning, show the upper portion of the eastern staircases as an open trench and the western staircase can be seen in the same condition in photographs taken in the course of the Museum’s recent work. 78 m below the paving of the diazoma. The original scheme would have had rising vaults angled upwards with the seating and connected to the longer curving vaults by means of groin vaults over the landings. The steps, unlike those of the lower flight, were not bonded with the side walls.
E. Fossel’s observation that the marble facing of the analemma walls bore vertical seams, and that the masonry behind it differed on both sides of these seams, suggested a secondary enlargement. She did not pursue the point or attempt to offer a date of construction for the original building, and we were left instead with F. 35 In spring of 1961, W. 13, 1 – 14, 1). 14, 2). ) wall preserved to three courses. 38 None of this, however, could be construed as belonging to theatrical architecture. Sondages in the “Stierkopfhalle” dug in 1966 revealed an older, single-aisled Hellenistic Stoa with a stylobate ca.
Its construction can be studied best in the lower cavea which also preserves much of its marble seating (plan 2). 21, 2; 22, 1). 16 m thick, and of varying lengths, fastened together with small metal clamps. 08 m wide, carved in their front side. The width of the seat blocks varied greatly. The joints between them tended to be radial but could vary by a few degrees in either direction. The risers rested in shallow beds chiseled in the backs of the seat slabs where they were held in place by dowels, but they were not fastened to the slabs above them.