By R. J. Hankinson

Galen of Pergamum (AD 129-c.216) was once the main influential health care provider of later antiquity, whose paintings was once to steer clinical idea and perform for greater than fifteen hundred years. He was once a prolific author on anatomy, body structure, analysis and diagnosis, pulse-doctrine, pharmacology, therapeutics, and the speculation of drugs; yet he additionally wrote largely on philosophical issues, making unique contributions to good judgment and the philosophy of technological know-how, and outlining a systematic epistemology which married a deep recognize for empirical adequacy with a dedication to rigorous rational exposition and demonstration. He was once additionally a energetic polemicist, deeply fascinated with the doctrinal disputes one of the clinical faculties of his day. This quantity deals an advent to and review of Galen's success in some of these fields, whereas looking additionally to judge that success within the mild of the advances made in Galen scholarship during the last thirty years.

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On the disputes with Martialius, and the question of his name (he is apparently the same man elsewhere referred to as Martianius) see ch. 2 (Lloyd) in this volume, p. 36. It is also treated in (Lloyd) ch. 2 in this volume, p. 38. , along with two other treatises on venesection, is translated with notes and essays by Brain (1986). This Alexander, who is described in AA II 218 as ‘the official exponent of the Peripatetic doctrines in Athens’, is often identified with Alexander of Aphrodisias, holder of the Athenian chair some time after 198.

9 (Rocca) in this volume. For Galen’s Egyptian experience, see Nutton (1993c). 14. Or. IV, 103,10–105,19 Iskandar: this may have been one of Galen’s earliest public demonstrations; see further pp. 11–13); see also Scarborough (1971). Galen mentions that his first appointment lasted only seven and a half months, which some have interpreted to be the normal length of the priesthood (and so Galen’s service under five priests would only last a little over three years); but Nutton (1973, 163–4) Cambridge Collections Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 The man and his work 15.

22 All of this is couched in lurid and at times barely coherent terms; Galen was never one to pull his polemical punches. But it betrays a depth of feeling which is hard to gainsay; and it is, as I said, entirely characteristic of the man and his work (although one may discern a certain mellowing in his attitude that comes with increasing age and security). 23 At any event, Galen presents the cure of Eudemus, which was certainly not his first clinical essay in Rome, and perhaps post-dated the Glaucon episode (Praen.

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