By Eric Toensmeier

Contributor note: ahead by way of Hans Herren
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With carbon farming, agriculture ceases to be a part of the weather challenge and turns into a serious a part of the solution

Agriculture is rightly blamed as a massive offender of our weather quandary. yet during this groundbreaking new e-book, Eric Toensmeier argues that agriculture particularly, the subset of practices referred to as carbon farming can, and may be, a linchpin of a world weather strategies platform. Carbon farming is a collection of agricultural practices and plants that sequester carbon within the soil and in aboveground biomass.

Combined with a huge relief in fossil gas emissions and in live performance with version techniques to our altering atmosphere carbon farming has the aptitude to convey us again from the threshold of catastrophe and go back our surroundings to the magic variety of 350 elements in keeping with million of carbon dioxide. Toensmeier s ebook is the 1st to assemble those strong concepts in a single position, together with in-depth research of the to be had examine and, the place examine is missing, a dialogue of what it's going to take to get us there. Carbon farming can take many types. the best practices contain variations to annual crop construction. even though a lot of those transformations have quite low sequestration strength, they're generally appropriate and simply followed, and therefore have first-class capability to mitigate weather switch if practiced on an international scale. Likewise, grazing structures equivalent to silvopasture are simply replicable, don t require major adjustments to human nutrition, and given the volume of agricultural land world wide that's dedicated to pasture should be very important options within the carbon farming arsenal. yet by means of a long way, agroforestry practices and perennial plants current the simplest possibilities for sequestration. whereas lots of those platforms are difficult to set up and deal with, and will require us to alter our diets to new and mostly unexpected perennial plants, additionally they supply large strength that has been nearly totally overlooked by means of weather crusaders.

Many of those carbon farming practices are already carried out globally on a scale of thousands of hectares. those should not minor or marginal efforts, yet win-win recommendations that supply nutrients, fodder, and feedstocks whereas fostering group self-reliance, growing jobs, conserving biodiversity, and repairing degraded land all whereas sequestering carbon, lowering emissions, and finally contributing to a weather that might stay amenable to human civilization. simply as importantly to a livable destiny, those plants and practices can give a contribution to broader social targets akin to ladies s empowerment, foodstuff sovereignty, and weather justice.

The Carbon Farming Solution doesn't current a prescription for the way cropland can be used and isn't, initially, a how-to handbook, even though following up on references in a given part will usually supply such info. as a substitute, The Carbon Farming Solution is at its root a toolkit. it's the so much entire choice of climate-friendly plants and practices at the moment to be had. With this toolkit, farmers, groups, and governments huge and small, can effectively release carbon farming initiatives with the main acceptable vegetation and practices to their weather, locale, and socioeconomic wishes. Toensmeier s final aim is to put carbon farming firmly within the middle of the weather strategies platform, along fresh sun and wind strength.

With The Carbon Farming Solution, Toensmeier desires to switch the dialogue, influence coverage judgements, and steer mitigation cash to the examine, tasks, and other people around the globe who envision a destiny the place agriculture turns into the protagonist during this fraught, pressing, and unheard of drama of our time. voters, farmers, and funders could be encouraged to take advantage of the instruments provided during this vital new e-book to rework degraded lands worldwide into efficient carbon-storing landscapes.

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Extra info for The Carbon Farming Solution: A Global Toolkit of Perennial Crops and Regenerative Agriculture Practices for Climate Change Mitigation and Food Security

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In: Hessen DO (ed) UV radiation and Arctic Ecosystems, Ecological Series 153, Springer-Verlag, pp 57-72. Pavlov VK and Pavlov PV (1999) Features of seasonal and interannual variability of sea level and water circulation in the Laptev Sea. In: Land-Ocean systems in the Siberian Arctic. Dynamics and history. , SpringerVerlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 3-16 18 Ørbæk, Kallenborn, Tombre, Hegseth, Falk-Petersen and Hoel Rex M, Harris NRP, von der Gathen P, Lehmann R, Braathen GO, Reimer E, Beck A, Chipperfield MP, Alfier R, Allaart M, o´Connor F, Dier H, Dorokhov V, Fast H, Gil M, Kyrö E, Litynska Z, Mikkelsen IS, Molyneux MG, Nakane H, Notholt J, Rummukainen M, Viatte P, Wenger J (1997) Prolonged stratospheric ozone loss in the 1995-96 Arctic winter.

They claim that the seasonal dynamics of plankton and benthos is likely to change, leading to composi- 6 Ørbæk, Kallenborn, Tombre, Hegseth, Falk-Petersen and Hoel tional and structural changes in plankton and benthos as well as the population and community structure of fish. As for ice and aquatic environments, regional climate change impacts on snow melt and its distribution also significantly affects the length of the growing season. Høgda et al. (Chap. 5) have used the NOAA AVHRR GIMMS NDVI satellite dataset for the last two decades, producing maps for Fennoscandia that define the start and end of the growing season.

It is anticipated that marine mammals such as walrus, seals and whales are likely to undergo shifts in range and abundance, while the migration routes of caribou will be disrupted (Nuttall et al. 2005). Such changes could impact upon the hunting, trapping and fishing economies of many small, remote Arctic settlements. Although warming may increase biological production in some wildlife species, the distribution of many species crucial to the livelihoods and well-being of indigenous peoples could change.

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