By Alastair Hay
The Chemical Scythe is the 1st booklet in a projected sequence to be released through Plenum Press in organization with the overseas catastrophe Institute. the purpose of the sequence, catastrophe examine in perform, is to supply clinical and readable bills at the such a lot pressing parts of catastrophe examine. it really is becoming, hence, that Dr. Hay's research into the character and results of dioxins heralds the recent sequence. the matter of chemical dangers is person who we'll need to discover ways to reside with in destiny many years. Dr. Hay's publication is an authoritative account of the chemistry and confirmed and capability results of dioxins, and of the impli cations for protection making plans. He concludes with a wary, but positive note-that certainly we will discover ways to reside with such risks, supplying that we're ready to appreciate and plan for the unforeseen. The twist of fate at Seveso in 1976 alerted the area to an imperfectly un derstood yet immensely alarming environmental chance. Public debate and argument as to the results of dioxins and, certainly, using herbicides as competitive guns in Vietnam, rage on. And but it's only throughout the painstaking study exemplified during this booklet that it'll ultimately be pos sible to advertise the very important responsibility at the a part of industrialists and governments.
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Extra info for The Chemical Scythe: Lessons of 2,4,5-T and Dioxin
Environmental Protection Agency has claimed that the use of 2,4,5-T is associated with an increase in the incidence of spontaneous abortions in the State of Oregon. 121 The EPA's study and its conclusions have been severely criticized. Critics claim that the areas chosen by the EPA were improperly matched and that the statistical approach used to analyze the study's findings was wrong. Furthermore the critics claim that if 2,4,5-T sprayed areas are properly matched with a suitable control area and differences in hospital admission rates for miscarriages between areas are taken into account, there is no longer a link between 2,4,5-T spraying and an increased incidence of spontaneous abortions.
Press statement, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, 16 June 1978. , Dioxin source is safe, Nature (London) 274, 526 (1978). Nilsson, C. , and Westermark, S. O. Chromatographic evidence for the formation of chlorodioxins from chloro-2-phenoxyphenols, Journal of Chromatography 96, 137-147 (1974). Nilsson, C. , and Rappe, C. Impurities in commercial products related to pentachlorophenol, in Pentachlorophenol Chemistry, Pharmacology and Environmental Toxicology, ed. K. Ranga Rao, Plenum Press, New York (1978), pp.
Mahle, N. , Nestrick, T. J. and Whiting, L. Environmental chlorinated dioxins from combustion-the trace chemistries of fire hypothesis, presented at workshop on "Impact of Chlorinated Dioxins and Related Compounds on the Environment," Rome, 22-24 October 1980. Stehl, R. H. and Lamparski, L. L. Combustion of several 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy compounds: formation of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins, Science 197, 1008-1009 (1977). , and Sundstrom, G. Formation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzo furans during combustion of a 2,4,5-T formulation, Chemosphere 6, 461-466 (1977).