By Nancy H. Ramage, Crawford H. Greenewalt Jr Judith Snyder Schaeffer
Even though the treasury of King Croesus held nice amounts of gold and silver plate, the Lydians basically enjoyed high quality ceramic wares imported from Greece. This choice used to be completely applicable for the capital of the expansive Lydian country, which occupied a pivotal place among the town states of the Greeks and the large empire of the Persians. The importation of Greek pottery corresponds to the visits from poets, philosophers, and politicians pointed out by means of the historian Herodotus.
This collaborative paintings includes 3 generously illustrated sections providing the ceramic unearths excavated at Sardis, yet produced within the mainland Greek facilities of Corinth, Athens, and Sparta. Judith Snyder Schaeffer analyzes the Corinthian imports, Nancy H. Ramage the Attic, and Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr., the Lakonian. Their research of this fabric from the Harvard–Cornell excavations at Sardis bargains new proof of the flavor for particular Greek wares and shapes in Anatolia sooner than the time of Alexander the good.
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Extra info for The Corinthian, Attic, and Lakonian pottery from Sardis
54 Brokaw, "PC Kotyle," 51-52. 55 Coldstream, GGP 104-11, 322-30. O n the chronology for EPC, he concludes that a "uniform lowering of the 'orthodox' chronology [Friis Johansen/Payne] by about a decade would cover the LG deposits at the earliest colonies as well as the E P C vases at Gela" (ibid, 327). Allowing thirty years for both L G and EPC, EPC would thus run from ca. 720 to ca. ). 56 Coldstream, GGP 324: "The beginning of Corinthian LG would be placed not earlier than ca. 750, and a transition to EPC at or shortly before ca.
C-40-366). ) with wirebirds in the frieze, a single horizontal line on the handles, and Orientalizing rays on the base (her fig. 5). 11,18). 12 the linear kotylai through EPC. Although Brokaw took her sequence of shapes into LPC-TR, in these later phases she did not attempt to relate the shapes to the decoration. This leaves the decorative development from M P C through TR yet to be determined. The finds from Sardis are too fragmentary and too few in number to provide a firm developmental sequence, but taken together with material from other sites, the Sardis examples can help detenrune the stylistic development of the linear kotylai from late EPC into EC.
A small glazed kotyle found at Sardis (Cor 55) has a dot rosette added in white to the handle frieze. The frieze is fired dark brown. The upper body of this small but colorful kotyle is fired to a contrasting orange-red, an intentional change of the kind noted by Dunbabin. 95 Below the glazed area are two horizontal lines followed by a series of rays. 96 Dunbabin observed that most of the kotylai with white rosettes on black glaze date to L P C or TR. 97 The little kotyle found at Sardis probably dates toTR.