By Rob Kitchin

"Carefully distinguishing among mammoth info and open facts, and exploring numerous facts infrastructures, Kitchin vividly illustrates how the knowledge panorama is quickly altering and demands a revolution in how we predict approximately data."
- Evelyn Ruppert, Goldsmiths, college of London

"Deconstructs the hype round the ‘data revolution’ to scrupulously advisor us during the histories and the futures of ‘big data.’ The ebook skilfully engages with debates from around the humanities, social sciences, and sciences on the way to produce a serious account of the way info are enmeshed into huge, immense social, fiscal, and political adjustments which are taking place."
- Mark Graham, collage of Oxford

Traditionally, information has been a scarce commodity which, given its worth, has been both jealously guarded or expensively traded. lately, technological advancements and political lobbying have became this place on its head. info now movement as a deep and large torrent, are within your budget and supported by way of powerful infrastructures, and are more and more open and available.

A info revolution is underway, person who is already reshaping how wisdom is produced, company carried out, and governance enacted, in addition to elevating many questions touching on surveillance, privateness, safeguard, profiling, social sorting, and highbrow estate rights.

In distinction to the hype and hubris of a lot media and company insurance, the information Revolution offers a synoptic and important research of the rising facts panorama. available common, the e-book provides:

A synoptic assessment of huge facts, open facts and information infrastructures
An creation to pondering conceptually approximately information, info infrastructures, facts analytics and knowledge markets
Acritical dialogue of the technical shortcomings and the social, political and moral outcomes of the knowledge revolution
An research of the results of the information revolution to educational, company and govt practices

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Additional info for The Data Revolution Big Data, Open Data, Data Infrastructures and Their Consequences

Sample text

Information is when these zeros and ones are organised into distinct patterns; it is the signal (von Baeyer 2003). Airwaves and communication cables then are full of flowing information – radio and television signals, telephone conversations, internet packets – meaningful patterns of data within the wider spectrum of noise. For others, information is a broader concept. , train timetables, maps, biographies). 1 Knowledge pyramid (adapted from Adler 1986 and McCandless 2010) The first is essentially meaningful data, what are usually termed facts.

Generally, such data are extensive and relate to the physical properties of phenomena (such as length, height, distance, weight, area, volume), or are representative and relate to non-physical characteristics of phenomena (such as social class, educational attainment, social deprivation, quality of life rankings). 1). Such data can be analysed using visualisations, a variety of descriptive and inferential statistics, and be used as the inputs to predictive and simulation models. In contrast, qualitative data are non-numeric, such as texts, pictures, art, video, sounds, and music.

Kinds of data Whether data are pre-factual and rhetorical in nature or not, it is clear that data are diverse in their characteristics, which shape in explicit terms how they are handled and what can be done with them. In broad terms, data vary by form (qualitative or quantitative), structure (structured, semi-structured or unstructured), source (captured, derived, exhaust, transient), producer (primary, secondary, tertiary), and type (indexical, attribute, metadata). Quantitative and qualitative data Data can take many material forms including numbers, text, symbols, images, sound, electromagnetic waves, or even a blankness or silence (an empty space is itself data).

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