By Thucydides

Written through Thucydides round four hundred advert, The heritage of the Peloponnesian battle is a meticulous account via the Athenian basic of the prolonged fight that raged among Athens and Sparta for the higher a part of two decades. Thucydides eschews the romance of heroics and dramatics and his distinct and thorough account of the ill-fated clash is likely one of the first surviving scholarly works of heritage.

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There was no union of subject cities round a great state, no spontaneous combination of equals for confederate expeditions; what fighting there was consisted merely of local warfare between rival neighbours. The nearest approach to a coalition took place in the old war between Chalcis and Eretria; this was a quarrel in which the rest of the Hellenic name did to some extent take sides. Various, too, were the obstacles which the national growth encountered in various localities. The power of the Ionians was advancing with rapid strides, when it came into collision with Persia, under King Cyrus, who, after having dethroned Croesus and overrun everything between the Halys and the sea, stopped not till he had reduced the cities of the coast; the islands being only left to be subdued by Darius and the Phoenician navy.

It was quite at the end of this period that the war with Aegina and the prospect of the barbarian invasion enabled Themistocles to persuade the Athenians to build the fleet with which they fought at Salamis; and even these vessels had not complete decks. The navies, then, of the Hellenes during the period we have traversed were what I have described. All their insignificance did not prevent their being an element of the greatest power to those who cultivated them, alike in revenue and in dominion.

While every effort has been used to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the information contained in this edition, Duke Classics does not assume liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in this book. Duke Classics does not accept responsibility for loss suffered as a result of reliance upon the accuracy or currency of information contained in this book. Contents * BOOK I Chapter I Chapter II Chapter III Chapter IV Chapter V BOOK II Chapter VI Chapter VII Chapter VIII BOOK III Chapter IX Chapter X Chapter XI BOOK IV Chapter XII Chapter XIII Chapter XIV BOOK V Chapter XV Chapter XVI Chapter XVII BOOK VI Chapter XVIII Chapter XIX Chapter XX BOOK VII Chapter XXI Chapter XXII Chapter XXIII BOOK VIII Chapter XXIV Chapter XXV Chapter XXVI BOOK I * Chapter I * The State of Greece from the earliest Times to the Commencement of the Peloponnesian War Thucydides, an Athenian, wrote the history of the war between the Peloponnesians and the Athenians, beginning at the moment that it broke out, and believing that it would be a great war and more worthy of relation than any that had preceded it.

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