By Kerim Yildiz
With a foreword by means of Noam Chomsky, this is often the main updated severe research of the issues confronted by way of the Kurds in Turkey. Turkey has a protracted historical past of human rights abuses opposed to its Kurdish inhabitants – a inhabitants that stretches into thousands. This human rights list is likely one of the major hindrances in Turkey’s efforts to affix the ecu. The Kurds are denied many uncomplicated rights, together with the best to benefit or broadcast of their personal language. This e-book, written by way of a number one human rights defender, offers a accomplished account of the main concerns now dealing with the Kurds, and the clients for Turkey becoming a member of the ecu. Kerim Yildiz outlines the historical past to the present scenario and explores various matters together with civil, cultural and political rights, minority rights, inner displacement, and the foreign community’s duties relating to Turkey.
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Extra info for The Kurds in Turkey: EU Accession and Human Rights
9 The provinces of Urfa, Adiyaman, Malatya, Elazig, Tunceli, Erzincan, Bingol, and Kars have also been traditionally dominated by Kurdish populations. 10 With regard to religion, the Kurds in Turkey can largely be divided into two groups: Sunni Muslims and Alevis. 11 HISTORY OF THE KURDS From the sixteenth century, the Kurds occupied the border lands between the Ottoman and Persian empires. The region was held by a varied string of rulers including the Seljuk Turks in the eleventh century, the Mongols from the thirteenth to fifteenth century, and then the Safavid and Ottoman empires.
3 The Kurds have traditionally been organized into tribes and inhabited rural districts herding shepherds or goats, with some adherence to a nomadic or semi-nomadic lifestyle. The Kurds do not have a single common language, but the most widely spoken Kurdish dialects4 are Kurmanji and Sorani which are usually mutually understandable. 5 Sorani is spoken by Iraqi Kurds south of the Greater Zab, and by Iranian Kurds in the province of Kordestan. To the far north of Kurdistan, the Zaza dialect is also spoken.
14 However, in 2002 the Turkish electorate rejected the traditional political establishment and voted in the Justice and Development Party (AKP), a pragmatic, ‘pro-European’ Party with Islamic roots which united less radical Islamists, nationalists and secular interests around what is broadly comparable to a Western European style centreright Christian democratic party. It commenced an unprecedented programme of reforms in the country which brought about a number of important legislative changes and some improvement in the behaviour of public authorities.