By Gökhan Çetinsaya

This can be a learn of the character of Ottoman management lower than Sultan Abdulhamid and the results of this at the 3 provinces that have been to shape the fashionable country of Iraq. the writer presents a basic statement at the past due Ottoman provincial management and a finished photo of the character of its interplay with provincial society. In drawing on assets of the Ottoman records, bringing jointly and examining an abundance of complicated records, this ebook is an interesting contribution to the sector of center japanese reports.

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Additional resources for The Ottoman Administration of Iraq, 1890-1908

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In Iraq, the Department was headed by a Central Committee at Baghdad, and was divided into two main branches: land and irrigation, and navigation. Its properties in Iraq can be divided into four classes: Tigris properties, Shatt al-Gharaf properties, Euphrates properties, and Shatt al-Arab properties. It also had large properties in the sancak of Najd. Its Navigation branch, the Hamidiye Company, was established in March 1904, with the purchase of the vessels of the Oman-Ottoman (Umman-ı Osmanî ) Company which was a branch of the Ministry of the Navy.

Each of these courts had a criminal side (ceza kısmı), and a civil side (hukuk kısmı). Each side had different judges: they were appointed for two years, and consisted of half Muslim and half non-Muslim members. A Public Prosecutor and an Assistant Public Prosecutor were found in each province. 84 Finally, mention should be made of the Department of the Privy Purse (Hazine-i Hassa, or Saniyya), which administered the properties and investments of the Ottoman Imperial family. In Iraq, these included substantial lands, amounting, in the vilayet of Baghdad, for example, to 30 percent of the cultivated area of the province.

29 As regards the reforms, the only initiative during this period up to 1890 seems to have come from Mustafa Asım Pava, the Vali of Baghdad, in late 1887. Mustafa Asım Pava first asked the Porte to maintain the avar tax of Baghdad and Basra at a fixed price to ease the financial burden of the population; and then wanted 20,000 gold lira allowance per year to be spent for public works and improvements in the vilayet of Baghdad. 31 In 1890, a Committee of Military Inspection (Heyet-i Teftiviye-i Askeriye) was dispatched to Iraq.

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