By J. Mar Williams
'A transparent, rigorous account of cognitive behavioural equipment for treating depression.' - British magazine of PsychiatryThe use of behavioural and cognitive suggestions for treating melancholy has yielded interesting effects. Cognitive Behaviour treatment (CBT) is as potent within the brief time period as anti-depressant medicines and has longer-lasting results than medicine. This ebook brings jointly evaluate and remedy suggestions of confirmed efficacy, describing them in usable aspect and surroundings them within the context of present mental theories of melancholy. it truly is a useful advisor to practitioners wishing to use CBT.
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Extra info for The Psychological Treatment of Depression
Since cognitive theory is explored in greater depth in this later chapter, I shall not discuss it further here. But it is worth noting at this point that the role of cognitions in the aetiology of depression, even if questioned, need not affect their status in the maintenance of depression. No matter how precipitated, a depressive reaction characterized by negative view of the self, the world and the future will tend to be more severe and more prolonged. g. , 1981) find that once depressed, the more negative the cognitive style, the longer it takes for the depression to remit.
Normal ‘biases’ and their possible clinical counterparts Errors in judgements under uncertainty Tversky and Kahneman (1974) outlined several heuristics (rules of thumb) which people use when making judgements under uncertainty. One of these, the availability heuristic leads to a type of bias when people attempt to assess the likelihood of an event. It refers to the rule by which the frequency of an event or probability of an event is assessed by the ease with which relevant instances may be recalled.
This study provides virtually no support for the attributional reformulation. Is there an explanation for this? There are two possible explanations of the results which preserve the integrity of the attributional model to some extent. The first is that the definition of depression in this study was a cut-off score on the BDI, rather than a diagnosis of primary depression. Referral to a helping agency for treatment of depression does not guarantee the diagnosis in patients who may have been a mixed group.